Micah announces that God's justice is coming in order to create a new future of love and faithfulness on the other side of Israel's sin and exile.
The book of Micah describes God's coming judgment on Israel as a result of their rebellion. The Assyrian empire and eventually the Babylon empire would destroy the nation and leave Jerusalem in ruin.
The good shepherd
Though Micah is called to warn Israel of their coming judgment, he also offers the people hope. Micah tells the people that, like a shepherd, God will one day gather and restore a faithful remnant to the land. He will rebuild Jerusalem, defeat evil forever, and enthrone the messianic King to rule over the people and bless all the nations.
But before that can happen, God must confront and judge the evil among his people. Only then can he show mercy and fulfill his covenant promise to Abraham to bless all the nations through Israel. God's ultimate purpose is not to destroy Israel but to redeem and save the world.
The book of Micah opens with God's appearance over Israel, like at Mount Sinai in Exodus. He has come to judge the rebellious, unjust people.
Israel's leaders violate the Torah as they accept bribes, bend justice, favor the wealthy, and steal land from the poor. God will judge them severely.
Hope and Restoration
Although God accuses and warns the people, he also gives them hope. He will shepherd the faithful remnant and gather all the nations to Israel.
After the Assyrian attack and Babylonian exile, God will restore his people in their land with a new Jerusalem, a messianic, King, and defeat over evil.
Future Hope in God
Israel begs God to forgive them. God will grant them forgiveness because of his merciful character and covenant promise to Abraham and Israel.
The Scroll of the Twelve, or in the Christian tradition, what are referred to as the “Minor Prophets,” are not intended to be read in isolation of one another, but rather as a unified whole....