The Hebrew Bible is a three-part collection of scrolls known as the Torah, Nevi’im, and Ketuvim, or TaNaK.
Like all ancient Jews, Jesus read the Scriptures as a three-part collection of scrolls known as the TaNaK. In this video, we’ll explore why this matters and what happens when you read the Hebrew Scriptures in the traditional Jewish order.
TaNaK / Old Testament
The Hebrew Bible, or Old Testament, refers to the collection of Hebrew (and some Aramaic) books that were recognized as Scripture in ancient Israel. The traditional order of these books is called the TaNaK. The TaNaK is an acronym for the names of the three large subcollections of the Hebrew Bible: Torah, Nevi’im, and Ketuvim.
In the beginning
In the beginning, God made a good world and invited the rest of creation to participate and help build a beautiful world. Humans and the rest of creation rebelled against God, but God committed to saving the world through Abraham and his family. This story of deliverance is what the *Torah* is all about.
Torah, often referred to as “The Torah,” “Pentateuch,” or the “first five books of Moses,” is directly translated as “law” or “instruction.” These books tell the foundation story of the Israelites starting with Genesis 1-11 (pre-history), Abraham, Jacob, Joseph, and Moses. It recounts their covenant with God and their role in human history.
Nevi’im means “prophets,” and this section was traditionally split into two groups, the former prophets (Joshua, Judges, and 1 Samuel-2 Kings) and the latter prophets (Isaiah-Malachi). In Christian tradition, the former prophets are thought of as the historical books, and the latter prophets are categorized as the major and minor prophets. This tells the story of God's messengers calling on Israel and surrounding nations to turn back to Yahweh.
Ketuvim means “writings,” and this subcollection includes the rest of the Hebrew Bible—everything from Daniel to Esther, from Proverbs to Job, and more. It is here, nestled at the end of the Ketuvim, that we see the book of Chronicles wrap up the story of the TaNaK.
A story without an ending
The Ketuvim contains Chronicles and Daniel, and these books, along with the whole Hebrew Bible, are all pointing to a future priest-prophet-king who would come to rescue the Israelites and all of creation from evil, especially the evil of their own hands.
3 Episodes •
In this series we explore how the Bible was written and the long process of its composition and manuscript history.
Making of the Bible Episode 1
This is the first of a three part series about the making of the Bible. This first lecture is about the making of the books of the Old Testament and how much we know from the Bible itself about how it came into existence.
Making of the Bible Episode 2
This is the second part of the three part series on the making of the Bible. In this episode we look at how the books of the New Testament were written and collected. If you haven’t listened to the first part, I highly recommend going back and listening to it.
Making of the Bible Episode 3
This is the third of a three part series on the making of the Bible. If you haven’t listened to the other two episodes, I recommend listening to those first.