Podcast Date: November 15, 2015
Speakers in the audio file:
Jon: We're finishing up our series on the Kingdom of God. If you haven't listened to Part
1 and 2, I'd recommend that you go back and do that. In the last episode, we looked
at how the theme of the kingdom of God begins on Page 1 of the Bible. Genesis
chapter 1, God creates humans in his image, which means we are to represent his
reign on earth.
Tim: That's how the story begins. Full of potential, humans have this amazingly elevated,
royal, sacred task of embodying God's rule.
Jon: We talked about how humans create their own alternative kingdom, which
culminates in the city of Babylon, and then also is typified in Pharaoh's Egypt.
Tim: So then the story of the Bible becomes the story of clashing kingdoms, of God
constantly trying to invade our kingdom and save us from ourselves, and us
constantly wanting to push God out of the equation.
Jon: We talked about God response to this alternate kingdom.
Tim: Well, He's going to choose the family of Abraham and liberate them from the world,
the age of sin and death from the kingdom, which in the story takes the form of the
Exodus, when He liberates his people out of that oppressive evil into a new freedom
and then He invites them to live under his reign.
Jon: We looked at how ancient Israel was unable to live up to the task of being the image
of God to reign on God's behalf over earth, but that Jesus, a new prophet on the
scene talks about the kingdom coming in a fresh way.
Tim: The good news is that the Kingdom of God has arrived in Jesus, which means that he
is the truly human one. So the narrative of the Bible then is God so closely binds
himself to humans in the incarnation of Jesus. That He becomes the human that
we're made to be and then through him, we became come the humans that we are
made to be.
Jon: In this final episode, we're going to be looking closely at Jesus, how he thinks of
himself as bringing the Kingdom of God. Then we're going to wrestle a little bit
about what this would mean for us as Jesus followers.
Tim: Isaiah said, "Yahweh himself would return to Zion and rule as king." And so, for Jesus
just to show up and say, "Hey, look at me, the Kingdom of God, the rule and the
reign of God is here." So he presents himself as a king by saying, "The kingdom of
God is here."
The first thing he does is go form a nucleus of 12 disciples - this symbol of renewing
the covenant people of God, renewing Israel, and then he invites them to live under
his reign to be the alternative kingdom. That's why the Sermon on the Mount is so
powerful because it's a new Torah teaching from the hillside, is the new Moses. It's
the summary of Jesus's upside down kingdom, and what it means to live under the
rule and reign of God.
Jon: And it's not disconnected from this narrative of Genesis 1 of these laws of the
kingdom in Deuteronomy.
Tim: Yeah. Jesus says, "Actually, this is how the Torah from Sinai meets its fulfillment." So
my teaching isn't reversing the laws of the Torah, it's actually fulfilling them.
So through Jesus teachings, he claims that Israel will truly be the contrast kingdom it
was called to be. And by doing that, it becomes the model of what human kingdoms
living under the reign of God, ruling themselves under the reign of God were to be
Then everything that Jesus talks about in the Sermon on the Mount, he lives out.
How does Jesus become king? First of all, he teaches and announces the kingdom.
Then he confronts evil specifically by reaching out to the most hurting broken
people. Because, you know, for somebody to show up on the scene and say, "Hey,
I'm bringing God's rule over the whole world..." There are a few other people on the
contemporary world scene right now making that claim and it's a nightmare.
Jon: Are you referring to something in particular? I really don't know.
Tim: ISIS. They claim to be bringing God's rule over humanity and involves murdering
anybody who doesn't recognize the rule of Allah. So we're leery of people making
claims to impose and bring God's rule. So there is this element of what does it look
like when God becomes king in Jesus? It looks like a leper being healed, and the
bleeding woman being healed, and tax collectors being invited. It looks like Jesus'
So there's something rad about Jesus embodies the reign of God in his disciple
movement. Then, two, the way Jesus, his enthroned as king is through his trial and
execution. And there's all these deep ironies in the passion narrative because
he's...The first time he is acknowledged or called as Messiah is at the trail. He gets a
crown, he also gets some robe, and he also gets exalted and lifted up.
There's an irony. In the Gospel according to John, Jesus constantly talks about how
the Son of Man will be lifted up and all men will be drawn to him. It's an
enthronement language to be highly exalted, which is such an upside-down
moment. And then that's the moment of the crucifixion is Jesus's enthronement. I
think that's the claim all of the gospels are making is that God became king and fully
inaugurated God's rule in the moment of the cross. Because all the Gospels lead up
to it and see it as the moment of his enthronement. And then the resurrection—
Jon: Which should be that moment where God has arrived to be king on earth.
Tim: Yes. So the God's arrival is an act of sacrificial self-giving love to take death into
themselves on behalf of those who have rebelled against his reign. And then even
more as a statement of his love and commitment to his good world and to humans
made in God's image, he defeats death and the ruin that we've caused in the
resurrection, which is the vindication of Jesus as king.
And then we're into new creation where the kingdom has truly arrived in the death
and resurrection of Jesus, but it is not fully recognized or implemented.
Jon: So we're back to the same problem? It's arrived, it's here, God does reign and now
through Jesus, he's shown that reign in a surprising way, but it's still not recognized.
Tim: It's still not fully recognized. This was what the whole thing about sharing good news
Jon: How people recognize it.
Tim: It's to be like, "Dude, Jesus is alive from the dead, which means that God is king and
that your humanity can be restored as you give your faith and allegiance to the
king." So that's where I end with these three little italic statements. This is why Jesus
is right here. This is why Jesus' resurrection is viewed as God's triumph over sin and
Jesus is continuing to birth his kingdom in the new world right here in the midst of
the old one. Giving my allegiance to King Jesus, and trusting that he knows how to
be a human more than I do. So I'm going to live under his reign and let him define
good and evil for me because I'm not very good at it.
It's about joining the community of his disciples who are being transformed or
empowered by the Spirit. This is where the image of God language comes in. Oh, no,
no, no, this is more about the church as the witness to the kingdom.
So the church isn't the kingdom. The church is a group of people who come around
Jesus and are invited to enter the kingdom and experience it and to live under Jesus'
reign. And then together, we form a contrast community and share that to the world
through our words and actions. So there's a personal transformation which is about
my old humanity becoming new, the image of God being restored in me.
The way that Jesus in the gospels ties the story back up isn't through the phrase
Image of God. They do it through the kingdom theme. Paul is the one who ties...it's
already a coherent story, but Paul picks up the phrase "image of God" and uses it to
tell the same story but with the image of God theme as a part of it.
Jon: Good news is so tied into this.
Jon: Because we don't have a video...I mean, we talked about the video “What' the
Gospel?” This is the first time we've really talked about that phrase.
Tim: The phrase "good news" in the New Testament is always tied to kingdom. It's a
kingdom word about Jesus announcing the kingdom, Jesus becoming King. So
here's the ark. "The kingdom of God is here" that the summary of Jesus' message.
Everything was about the kingdom. Loving your neighbor and treating people with
love and respect and loving your enemy is a response to the fact that the kingdom
of God is here. Otherwise, it's a pretty poor advice sometimes.
So what does he mean by kingdom? Well, here's something. Kingdom in the Bible
means an action - ruling and reigning. Jesus is saying, "The reign of God is here."
What does that even mean? Well, we have to go back to the story of the Bible.
The first time "rule and reign" appears in the Bible, Genesis 1, it's humans doing it.
God's image bearers, God's reign is mediated and embodied in his world. This is how
the story of the Bible begins. God wants to rule the world through humans ruling on
Jon: The second time we—
Tim: That all goes horribly wrong. Humans distrust, they built an alternate kingdom, an
alternate city that leads to Babylon. God chooses the family of Abraham and
liberates them from the kingdom of this world which is embodied in Pharaoh. So
that means confronting and defeating evil in the form of Pharaoh, baby killing, slavedriving
kingdom, and then redeeming his people. That, incidentally, is the first time
God is called the king is after his defeat of evil, He frees people and invites them to
live under his reign as their king.
Israel does a piss-poor job of that. In fact, they install kings of their own and they
become the kingdom of Egypt. Israel becomes Egypt, and they do the whole
rebellion thing. But that doesn't mean that God's reign over the world is over.
The poets and the prophets kept to hope that God is still King, even if the world
doesn't recognize it, even if Israel doesn't recognize it. And that God would come
back one day personally to assert his reign and rule over his people and the world as
- Psalm 96, Isaiah 52.
This was the hope and the story that Jesus saw himself bringing to light. He's
presenting himself as a king in his announcement of the reign of God. First thing he
does is form a people and invite them to live under his reign. Now, we might get
suspicious and say, "Jesus came claiming, saying, 'I'm here to rule the world on
Jon: Because he doesn't actually say that.
Tim: He says, "The kingdom of God has arrived. Repent and follow me."
Jon: Okay. "Follow me."
Tim: It's not quite how we would say it but that's what he means.
Jon: Follow me because I'm going to show you the kingdom or follow me because I'm
Tim: An appropriate response to God's kingdom arriving in me is to repent, stop
everything you're doing, and come follow me. And if you don't, listen to my words,
you're a fool building your life on sand. But if you come and live under my reign, it's
like a wise person built his house on the rock.
Jon: Does he use reigning language, "come under my reign" or did he just say, "Come
and follow me"? I mean, could you make the case—
Tim: He says, "Come follow me." And then he says, "If you follow me, if you become part
of my disciples, the kingdom is yours." Blessed are the poor, blessed are you. The
kingdom is yours.
Jon: "I'm bringing the kingdom."
Tim: "I'm bringing the kingdom." He never comes out and says it the way we want him to
Tim: But he's saying it. He's just saying it the way a Jewish person who's steeped in the
scriptures would say it and who's trying to avoid getting killed.
Jon: And who is trying to avoid being killed.
Tim: Yeah. This is all loaded political language.
Jon: He lasted for three years?
Tim: He made it three years under the radar. And anytime people said out loud, "You're
the Messiah, he told them to be quiet." I mean, how long will you last in America if
you started a significant movement declaring yourself to be the president?" Really,
think. How long would that last?
Jon: How significant would it have to get?
Tim: Yes, that's the question.
Jon: Right. Because Jesus' ministry didn't get that significant. Oh, there's a big crowd.
Tim: Yeah, big crowds and the Pharisees were in him pretty good—
Jon: If you're a small militia, you'd probably get shut down.
Tim: That's the thing. The disciples want to do that. You're the Messiah Jesus and
therefore I'm going to go to Jerusalem and die. "Wait, no, no, no, no," says Peter,
"Actually, I was going to lay down my life for you."
Jon: "We were ready to fight."
Tim: Yeah, we're ready to fight. And so, they don't grasp that upside down nature of the
kingdom, just like Solomon didn't or any of the kings of Israel. It's a great story.
Jon: Yeah, totally.
Tim: Anyway, what does it look like when Jesus reigns as king, healing the sick, moving
towards the broken and the poor? And it all comes together in the moment of the
clash of kingdoms where Jesus rides into Jerusalem, asserts his authority over the
temple as king
Jon: Throws down.
Tim: Throws down and they asked him, "Are You the Messiah?" "You say that I am." He's
given a crown, a robe, he is exalted and lifted up.
Jon: He's called the King of the Jews.
Tim: And so the story right there is asking us to see God's reign and rule being
inaugurated and Jesus enthroned in the moment that he gives his life as a living
sacrifice for sin and the deaths that are kingdoms that caused...
Jon: That's a strange narrative.
Tim: Jesus is acting up the plotline that's Isaiah. This is why Isaiah is so crucial. That's
Isaiah 52, 53.
Jon: Then from there you go to Paul who talks about—
Tim: Now we're in the era of the now and not yet, where people are called to
acknowledge...not everyone acknowledges the reign of Jesus.
Jon: Oh, right. Oh, so then there's the good news part. It's like, "At this point, what's good
news?" "Well, tell people Jesus is King. Let them know."
Tim: Sharing and inviting people to—
Tim: It's like the human condition.
Jon: Waiting for that something.
Tim: Waiting for something that says that death and justice and human failure isn't the
way the story ends. And so you're like, "Yes." "Good news. God is king. He's laid bare
his arm for all the nations to see." And you're like, "Yes, yes, yes." What is it going to
be like? It's the suffering servant.
Jon: And it's laying down your life.
Tim: And then if you want to follow this king, you need to resist the kingdoms of this
world that say, "Save your life," and you give your life and self-giving love in hopes
of the resurrection that out of all of this death, that God will bring about...
Actually, it's through the self-giving love and sacrifice that the new creation is
birthed. It's the Christian story, man. The kingdom of God, it's very powerful.
Jon: Yeah, it's very startling, but oddly inspiring. This isn't for the video, but I'm curious
who would you recommend to read? Who then kind of teases this out for how to
live under other kingdoms?
I just feel like when you're like, "Oh cool, that makes sense," all sudden, now
you're like Shane Claiborne and you're running around living with the homeless.
That makes sense as a reaction but that's 0.001%. Like everyone else is going, "Okay,
cool. I saw this job or still have this responsibility. I'm still living in this country, I'm
still whatever I get I'm trying to balance this all out.
Tim: Man I think the most enjoyable to read author who's put feet all this is NT Wright. So
theological summary of all this is how God became king, which is big influence how I
framed the video. But then also his book "Simply Christian" which is his attempt to
redo CS Lewis' "Mere Christianity," it's very practical. It's a new visioning of practical
Christian life in light of the kingdom come narrative. It's cool.
So his things are justice, beauty...I mean, he threw himself into the House of Lords as
he was the Bishop of...
Jon: Which is a part of the power??
Tim: He gave seven years of his life to speaking into British Parliament as a response to
this. So he didn't go the route of Shane Claiborne route. Even though Shane
Claiborne is still inspired by his writings. A great popular level author - it's actually a
campus pastor - name is Alan Walker Bayoshi [SP] wrote a great pastoral reflection
on this thing of the kingdom is now not yet and so on. But it's more trying to piece it
together theologically with some practical implications. So I'm excited about this
Jon: This video on the kingdom of God is coming out in January. I think in a previous
episode I said we're hoping to have it done by December. That turned out to be
false. It's January 2016 or maybe early February at the worst case.
It's actually going to be called the Gospel of the Kingdom. After this dialogue we did
some writing and we decided the whole kingdom of God as a theme was a little too
much to bite off in one five-minute animation. So we're just focusing the video on
the gospel, the good news, the messenger running, Jesus seeing himself as that
messenger and how the message is that the kingdom of God has come - this upside
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