In this episode, Tim and Jon talk about what it means to be remade into the image of God. This is a different Christian narrative than we usually hear, but it’s all right there in the Bible. The guys will talk about the image of God throughout the New Testament and how humans reigning on God’s behalf is part of the gospel.
In the first part of the episode (02:15-5:52), the guys confront the familiar Christian narrative that says humans are terrible and screwed up and God just puts up with us. Humans are sinful, sure, but they’re also treasured by God and a crucial part of his plan for humanity. The biblical story is not about how terrible people are. It’s about God’s plan for the world and how he will restore and heal the image of God in humans and fulfill the original calling he gave in the garden.
In the second part of the episode (06:19-12:10), Tim and Jon talk about God’s plan for humans to reign on his behalf as the image is repaired. Paul picks up the language of the image of God to talk about Jesus and the process of becoming new humans and being renewed according to the image of God.
In the next part of the episode (12:29-19:24), the guys discuss what our divine purpose is as humans. Do we try to advance the human project (moral progress), or do we withdraw (remove ourselves) as we wait for God’s new creation?
In the next part of the episode (19:46-29:50), the guys talk about what went wrong with the image of God in humans and why it’s in need of repair. How does the image of God connect to the garden and the knowledge of good and evil?
In the final part of the episode (30:21-47:19), the guys talk about the garden of Eden as it relates to God’s image. There is a familiar narrative that the garden was perfect and then humans came in and ruined everything, but as Tim will point out, it’s more complex than that. The garden was only the beginning; it had potential for perfection, but it wasn’t God’s plan for creation fully realized––not yet. Genesis is not the end of the story. As image bearers of God, there is still hope for the completion of the story and the fullness of God’s Kingdom.
Video: This episode is designed to accompany our video called, "Image of God." You can view it on our youtube channel here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YbipxLDtY8c&t=2s
What is the Hope for Humanity? A discussion of technology, politics, and theology with N.T. Wright and Peter Thiel. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N9Mlu7sHEHE
Psalm 8, Genesis 1
Defender Instrumental by Rosasharn Music; Blue Skies by Unwritten Stories; Flooded Meadows by Unwritten Stories
Podcast Date: February 29, 2016
Speakers in the audio file:
Jon: Hey, this is Jonathan Collins. In this episode, we're going to continue the
conversation with Tim Mackie on the theme Image of God, which we'd started
discussing in the last episode, where we saw that this phrase shows up in Genesis
and has a lot of meaning for why we as humans exist.
Tim: That God wants his world to be a place where life flourishes, where life multiplies.
And that's going to require a lot of subduing and harnessing all the potential and
resources in the dirt and fish and cows to make it work. When humans do that, they
are said to be an image of the God of Israel.
Jon: Now, the word "image" is usually translated into English as the word "idol" referring
to idol statues.
Tim: So you end up with this interesting paradox at the beginning of the story of the
Bible, which is going to be about a God who tells people to never make images of
him. But then page 1 begins the story with this God making an image of himself and
us humans. So that's interesting that you're not supposed to try and image this God
because the images of this God already exist, namely you and the person sitting next
Jon: So all humans are given this title, the image of God. It's a title that demonstrates that
we should be ruling and subduing the earth and expanding the garden, continuing
in God's creation. This to me is a fresh perspective but it's right there in the text. I'm
really excited that Tim's unpacking it for us. So we're going to continue discussing
this thing with Tim. Here we go.
Tim: We never talked about Psalm 8.
Jon: Psalm 8.
Tim: Which is also a reflection on the image of God in Genesis 1.
Jon: Psalm 8.
Jon: "What is mankind that you are mindful of them, the son of man that you care for
Tim: Why are human so important? Why are we important?
Jon: Why are we important.
Tim: Well, you made him or made humans, humanity a little lower than Elohim. It could
mean God. That's the word for God. It is also if the context doesn't indicate can refer
to plural divine beings. So then angels or angelic beings.
Jon: It can mean God or it can mean angels.
Tim: Depending on context.
Tim: New International Version says, "You made him a little lower than angels." ESV, "A
little lower than the heavenly beings." New American Standard, "A little lower than
God." RSV, "A little lower than God." King James, "A little lower than the angels."
So the point is that humans are a little lower and status than the divine beings but
they are crowned with glory and honor. "You made him ruler over the works of your
hands, you put everything under his feet." So here's a poetic reflection on humans as
being not God, but having an exalted status over creation, kings, and rulers that's
very close to God.
So what's useful about Psalm 8 is it's poetically unpacking the image of God. And
when it does so, it doesn't talk about rationality or spirituality. It talks about our
purpose as ruling and subduing and that kind of thing. We are a species that is the
crown of the species. As we find ourselves to be a species that has power over all
other species, there's a responsibility that comes along with that.
Jon: So you have this vision of humans reigning, ruling, and that's where the account of
the Bible begins. In Genesis 1, that's the vision. And then in Revelation - what is it?
Tim: 22. The second last paragraph of the Bible.
Jon: Second last paragraph of the Bible, it's the vision again.
Tim: Yes. You have God on His throne, with the new humanity serving him, but they serve
by reining forever and ever.
Jon: That's where the account of the Bible ends.
Jon: I don't think that's a message that we're told a lot in Christianity is a sense of the
purpose of humanity is to reign.
Tim: Yeah. So, think, the dominant Christian narrative in America among conservative
Protestants is humans are really bad. You're horrible. God's really good. You need
Jesus to make you like God so you can live with Him forever and ever.
But this is a different kind of story. This is God is being really generous and is sharing
his world with humans and wants them to enjoy it and to take it somewhere. And
then, humans rebel and set up an alternate kingdom, and begin to dishonor the
image in each other. Then the story of the Bible becomes, how is God going to
restore and heal the image and make humanity that fulfills the original calling? And
then that's where Jesus opens up.
Jon: The chief end of man is to glorify God. Where does that come from?
Tim: And enjoy Him forever. That's what's Westminster Catechism.
Jon: And then I think I learned probably even a distortion of that which was, "Thank God
that he's putting up with you. Thank your lucky stars that you aren't being punished
forever." Actually, there's reluctance to even admit that God actually treasures
humans in any way. That's actually the spirituality I grew up in.
But yeah, this idea of the whole plan was for humans to reign on God's behalf and
the conflict then being God trying to renew that so that the humans can reign God's
creation. Which is different than what your bad news and God will make you good
enough so that you can hang.
Tim: Yeah. I mean, you can see that there are so many half-truths in there that is just not
helpful. But there are half-truths in there.
If humans are an image of God, it does mean that what we admire in each other is a
mirror or reflection of the beauty of God's own character and wisdom and
intelligence and creativity. So there is something like the humans are reflections. NT
Wright, his paraphrase of the image is that we're reflecting mirrors that are meant
to... we actually we did this in Genesis 1 through 11 video. We had God's character,
goodness bouncing off of humans...
Jon: Which wouldn't have been an image from back then. That's a more modern image.
Tim: Yeah, it's a metaphor. The idea is that humans as we represent God we bring honor
to the mysterious amazing being who has the creativity and beauty to just think all
Jon: So here's what it is. What's the end goal? What's the end game? Is it get saved and
behave so that you know you could hang with God in His Kingdom someday when
Tim: So He will let you into His glorious presence.
Jon: Saved and behave so He'll let you in. Or is it, reflect his image so that you can
participate in the ruling of creation?
Tim: If we're honest with ourselves, we know that we are a poor reflection even of the
kinds of humans we want to be for ourselves. We know that there's something
greater that we're called to be and to do, but we keep underachieving. So there's the
existential sense where I think that's pretty universal to the human condition.
Tim: So, the biblical narrative is putting a storyline to that to say, "Yeah, this is real. We
actually are a diminished form of what we're made to be." Interesting, this is a
footnote, but this is underlying theme in all of CS Lewis' writings. Like in the "Space
Trilogy" or the "Weight of Glory" that humans are called to be like gods, he has that
great paragraph where he says, if you and I truly grasped the glory of the person
sitting next to you on the bus, you would be tempted to bow before them. But that's
the idea here is we're—
Jon: Like there's an opportunity to live back into that glory, even though it's been
tarnished, really, really badly tarnished.
Tim: That's right.
Jon: That's the good news is that that can be reclaimed?
Tim: It's an aspect of the good news, which is why...Let's skip going all over the notes.
Maybe it doesn't matter. But it's why Paul the Apostle is the first one that we know
of to pick up the image of God language from Genesis 1 and to use it as a way to
He calls Jesus the image of God as the truly human one. But then he talks about the
process of us being coming new humans as being renewed according to the image
of God. I think Colossians chapter 2 and 3, he talks about the image of God being
renewed in us through Jesus, who is the image of God. So he's got this idea that
Jesus is the truly human one.
Jon: Jesus is the true representation of God's reign on Earth.
Tim: And that is we are joined to him through faith in the Holy Spirit, through divine
breath from Genesis 2. That we are being recreated as the kinds of humans. Again, in
Genesis 1, Paul doesn't envision that means Viva La revolution that you go start a
Christian sect in Muenster and take over.
Jon: Right. This is something we were talking about the other day from Hardcore History.
Tim: Hardcore History Podcast. So it doesn't mean Christians to go take over the world, it
means Christians do what humans always do, which is go to work.
Jon: Go have babies and work.
Tim: Yeah, go to work and make something of the world. But we do it in a way that our
character and our moral mindset is being renewed to become like Jesus is in love of
God and neighbor, and so on. That's one way Paul envisions the whole storyline of
what Jesus is doing. He's restoring our humanity.
Jon: Okay, so we're not trying to Viva La revolution, take over and start our own Christian
cult. So are we supposed to basically advance humanity for the sake of the kingdom
Tim: Yeah. There are two tendencies. There's what you call the humanist tendency, which
is kind of this narrative of moral progress, and we're just getting better and better
and more technology and do away with poverty and justice. Just more education.
So there's an element of that. That is really true to the biblical story, like that humans
are amazing and we're capable of such good because that's part of our divine task.
But then that also always ends up being compromised and messy, and ends up
hurting as many people as we help.
So then you also then have the more withdrawal mindset that some Christian
traditions have taken, where it's like, "Well, you know, hell in a handbasket, let's just
remove ourselves and pray and wait for Jesus to come and destroy it all."
And so, I don't think the biblical story allows you to be naive enough to embrace
moral progress and just to think we're going to work it all out. But at the same time,
it's really is calling us to be engaged in the human project and not remove ourselves
from it. But also not in a naive way. That God really cares for humans and He's for his
In the story, the Bible doesn't end with us somewhere else. It ends up with us in the
transformed version of here, doing what we're supposed to be doing, which is—
Jon: And when Jesus talks about the kingdom of God - let me tie this back to the
kingdom of God - the kingdom of God is the reality in which God is reigning. We
kind of talked about the kingdom can be—
Tim: Is the reality of where people are living as a community together under the reign of
God, the teachings of Jesus.
Jon: So being an image of God or being a true human as Paul puts it, and living in God's
kingdom is living by the teachings of Jesus?
Tim: Yeah. Think through the Sermon on the Mount. He's talking about how you deal
with conflict, how you treat people you don't like, about lying and truth-telling,
sexual integrity, anger, and forgiveness. He's just talking about how we live in our
day to day basis. And again, we're back down to the very earthy... it feels mundane
just that stuff humans have to do every day as we garden and do business and live
in our neighborhoods together. But in the vision of Genesis 1, that's what we're here
for is to make more of ourselves and to make more life and to make it flourish and
make neighborhoods and families.
That's why the renewal of the image for Paul it's about ethical renewal. So we're
going forward now to this idea of the renewal of the image. But in Colossians 2, Paul
talks about Jesus as the sun is the image of the invisible God. Jesus is the image of
the invisible God.
So Jesus is the most true representation of God. We are all representations of God.
All humans are. But there's something unique about Jesus that makes him the most
true, accurate representation. Paul links that in Colossians 2 to Jesus's authority. That
in him all things were created - things in heaven. He's before all things. He has
supremacy overall. Again, Paul thinks the image of God ruling reigning authority.
Jon: So if being the image of God is connected to authority and reigning and ruling and
Jesus is the image, the perfect image, then Jesus must be the one who really does
rule over creation.
Tim: Kingdom of God. This is how image is linked to the kingdom of God. So Jesus
himself, we know he read and reflected on Genesis 1 and 2 a lot, but he never used
or picked up on the image of God the way that Paul does. What Paul is doing is he is
furthering reflection that he picked up from Jesus, and is now kind of carrying the
ball further down the field.
So again, think of the way that Paul talks about if you follow Jesus, you trust Him
and follow Him, all of a sudden, what's true of Jesus is now becoming true of you. So
you died with him to evil and sin, and then you're raised with him. Paul will say
things like, "You've been raised with Jesus and you sit at the right hand of God."
That's very explicit royal language. So you rule now with Jesus. Jesus is the image
and now you're the image.
And then, when he talks about the image being renewed in us, he's talking about
you've taken off your old self-sexual immorality, lust, greed, anger, rage, gossip, and
you're putting on truth-telling, love, forgiveness, compassion, that kind of thing. Or
the fruit of the Spirit. Genesis 2, the divine breath, the spirit puts in you goodness,
patient, you know, that kind of thing.
Jon: Is it two ways of saying the same thing?
Tim: Yeah, yeah, exactly, as Genesis 1 and Genesis 2.
Jon: Genesis 1 being take off and put on.
Tim: Yeah. Take off your old humanity and put on this new humanity that you find in
Jesus and that God wants to turn you into.
Jon: So, remake your image in a way.
Tim: Yeah. And then Paul will also draw on the language of Genesis 2 to say, "Let the
spirit grow fruit in you." Which is kindness, gentleness—
Jon: Which is come in a fresh way.
Tim: Is recreating you.
Jon: It is recreating you and that can bear fruit.
Tim: It bears fruit.
Jon: Which is the recreation of your image.
Tim: Yeah. Which he talks about ethical transformation.
Jon: In both ways, both metaphors.
Tim: Both metaphors result in ethical transformation.
Jon: Let's talk about what went wrong with the image of God. We're made in God's
image, we're put in this garden and in the garden, there's a tree called the tree of
the knowledge of good and evil. And God says, "Don't eat of this tree, or on the day
you eat of it, you'll die." Then there's a snake there who says, "No, actually, eat it.
You'll like it."
Tim: In the snake and the tree story, there's an irony that reflects back to Genesis 1, where
the snake says a different story about the tree, "you won't die." And says, "You'll
actually become like God." You as the reader know that the humans are like God.
They are the image of God. So the snake is planting the seeds of doubt and distrust
in God's generosity. Somehow, there's something that God's holding out on me that
I can have that will actually make me more of what I should be.
Jon: More the image. I guess what I'm thinking is like, let's say I'm the king of Moab - go
back to that - and I see myself as the embodiment of God, how would I rebel against
that? What would my rebellion look like?
Tim: Well, if you're the embodiment of the God, you define good and evil.
Jon: I define good and evil.
Jon: So this is a different kind of embodiment where I'm not actually the god. I'm a
representation, but I don't actually call the shots. I just have authority on his behalf. I
think that's really important.
Tim: If you're an image of the God, it does mean you're not God. You're an image of God.
Jon: Well, but not if I'm King Moab.
Tim: Oh, I see.
Jon: I am the image of the God and I am the god.
Tim: That's a good point. I've never played out that distinction. But it is one. Yeah, that's
right. I'm thinking this is really obscure. If you've ever found your way into the
oracles of the prophets against the foreign kings in Jeremiah or Ezekiel or Isaiah, so
Isaiah will start ranting against the king of Babylon, or something. And they'll often
use the language of "you've turned yourself into a god and you think that your
Jon: To the king?
Tim: Yeah. So he's saying to the king of Babylon, "I've ascended to the cloud." He plays a
little scenario where you're the king of Babylon, here's what you said to yourself. I
ascend to the clouds, make my throne in heaven and take over the world." And then
he goes on to criticize these kings for violence and injustice and killing innocent
So the point is they've deified themselves so that they can redefine evil as good
because it serves their interests. That's an area where it's like, you've overstepped
your bounds as an image of God and you have defined good and evil for yourself
instead of humbling yourself before. So we're back to the meaning of the tree of
good and evil.
Jon: In Ancient Near Eastern thought, is being the image of God connected to the ability
to define good and evil? Because in the biblical account they are separated. You're
created in an image, but no, you can't define good and evil yourself. But the king of
Babylon, because he's the image of God, he can define good and evil himself.
Tim: That's interesting. I mean, you do get the sense the point of Genesis 1 is God giving
humans an enormous responsibility to just go for it.
Jon: Which you would imagine they would have to make a distinction between good and
evil if they do that. That's right. But the tree in that story is representing that there is
something about the knowledge of discerning good and evil that we have to rely on
as coming from outside ourselves, the tree. It's something I trust God for and it's a
boundary I can overstep and see for myself. In which case, something's gone wrong.
And the snake says, "Oh, yeah, you can be even more like God."
Jon: Because God does that, He's holding out on you, you can do that too.
Tim: You can do that for yourself.
Jon: And that's what the king of Babylon does.
Tim: That's right.
Jon: I mean, right?
Tim: Yeah, yeah.
Jon: That would be pretty enticing to see this guy who goes like, "Nope, this is good and
that's evil." And he makes a decision, like, "I want to be that guy."
Tim: Yeah, yeah, that's right. I mean, history tells the story of what happens when
humans... we do it all the time.
Jon: So is there something that the Genesis account is trying to tease out, which is, "Yes,
you are the image of God, but don't take it too far."
Tim: Yeah, that's a good way of putting it.
Jon: "While you are reflecting God's authority, not in the way that the king of Babylon
does it where he defines good and evil himself, you have my authority and you have
this responsibility, but you still need to rely on me, ultimately for the definition of
what is truly good and what is truly evil."
Tim: Yeah, it's a good summary.
Jon: I'm just trying to get my head inside someone reading this, who is from that time.
And so I'm reading it, and at first, I'm blown away. "Oh, I'm the image of God. That's
incredible." And then I might even go as far as to say, "Gosh, that means I get to do
whatever I want because the kings who are the image of God, they do whatever they
want. They build whatever they want. They have sex with whoever they want. They
just do whatever they want." So all of a sudden, you can go that far and you could
start thinking, like, "I can define good and evil."
And then you get to Genesis 3 and then the story takes a turn and there's this tree
that represents that type of power and you're not allowed to eat it. And now you're
like, "Oh, wait a second. I'm the image of God but it doesn't go that far. In fact, God
doesn't want me to do that. That's dangerous. That's going to kill me."
And then you have this character, the snake, saying, "No, no, no, you actually do
want that." And I'm thinking to myself, "Yeah, you're right. I do want that." And I'm
wrestling with that. Is that a fair kind of journey?
Tim: Yeah, I think that's a great way of summarizing the story - how the image connects
to good and evil and the snake. And so, it's doubly tragic because it's sort of like... as
readers of the story, what's funny is the story makes you... It's like you're analyzing
other people going through the struggle as if you don't go through it yourself.
Jon: Well, what's interesting is when I do think of someone else going through that
struggle, it makes more sense. And then you can then realize, "Well, that is my
Tim: Like, Whoa, this is—
Jon: I ultimately want to be able to decide I want to build a life. It's funny, I remember
thinking growing up, I knew certain things were wrong, like looking at pornography
or something. And I would want to believe that that's wrong for everyone else, but it
doesn't have to be wrong for me. Like, it's going to be okay for me. That's what I
want to believe. Somehow I can define that on my own terms.
Tim: I think it's important the way Genesis 3 through 11 plays it out that this happens on
a personal level, but it's just as if not more destructive when it starts to happen on a
corporate level. Like the City of Cain, where you have all of a sudden a Lamech,
where you have a city where it's actually a good thing to celebrate murdering
someone for offending your honor.
Jon: Because you can.
Tim: Because you can. And so, it's the depiction of a whole human culture that begins to
turn something evil into something good and honorable. And you don't need to
look that far back in human history. I just look at the 20th century. Let's eliminate
millions of human beings in the name of creating a certain type of society. That's a
So I think the biblical story is wanting to personalize it, but also see what a
nightmare this can become when humans redefined—
Jon: Maybe another way to say this is, being the image of God is a very important and
powerful thing to have been created. And the danger in it is the ability to seize the
opportunity to find good and evil ourselves, which will almost always get to a place
where we're taking something that's evil in or trying to make it look good. And that
is really destructive for our societies.
Tim: And it's despite our best intentions.
Jon: Yeah, we're not doing it on purpose because we want to be horrible people.
Tim: That's what so scary about it on a corporate level. It's like addiction. "This is actually
good for me."
Jon: Did Lamech think "this is good for me" to kill these people?
Tim: He thought the way he sang a song about it to his wives. He was like showing off. I
killed this guy. Name any of the great atrocities of the 20th century.
Jon: I'm curious that we'd look back in 100 years and be like, "Yeah, look at what we were
doing that was so evil but we said it was good."
Tim: Or we didn't even think about it.
Tim: And we didn't even think about it. It's what our grandkids are going to say about us
that we say about our grandparents.
Tim: But that's just is the human condition. We're just stuck.
Jon: So the world was perfect. We were made in God's image. And then because we ate
of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, we screwed everything up.
Tim: Okay. So that's a big deal to me to get this one right because it's not helpful. Of like,
everything was perfect, then we ruined it all so God's trying to make it perfect again.
As opposed to "the potential was great and could have gotten a lot better but we
made it bad instead of better. And God wants to change us so that we can finally do
what we are originally called to do."
Jon: Which is to work with him to make it great or to make it awesome.
Tim: Yeah. So that's a different type of story.
Jon: From good to great. That is a different kind of story.
Tim: That's the biblical story. I don't know.
Jon: That is massive. And are you sure that's correct?
Tim: Just read the Bible. Yeah, I didn't make any of this up. Just read people who are
smarter than us.
Jon: But to play devil's advocate, he makes everything good. He doesn't make everything
okay, or make everything adequate.
Tim: Yeah. Not just good, it's very good.
Jon: It's very good.
Tim: It's awesome.
Jon: But he doesn't make everything perfect.
Tim: Yeah. Whatever we mean by that, that's the thing in the Christian imagination.
Jon: There were still parasites and still—
Tim: Yeah, all that stuff. The mosquitoes must be a result of the...
Jon: Vines. And there are still—
Tim: When you get that perfect story, then it's like anything that I don't like in the world,
that must be a result of sin, that whole thing. And so here we get into really more
interesting conversation about evil and earthquakes and disease. That often gets
pinned on the result of the fall. Did tectonic plates not exist before the fall?
Jon: Yeah. I think God would just cool the earth.
Tim: Yes. And this is where Job—
Jon: That's what I was going to bring up, Job. Because we were just watching that.
Tim: Leviathan is in Genesis 1 playing around in the water. He's there. The sea monster is
in the water in Genesis 1. It gets translated as... Oh, New American Standard, Genesis
1:21, "God created the great sea monsters."
Jon: So, in Job, the Leviathan, God uses as an example to Job to say, "Hey, look, I created
Tim: It's part of the very good world.
Jon: "It's a part of the good world that I created but it's gnarly.
Tim: And it will kill you without a second thought and annihilate you.
Jon: Because this beast, this thing was known to live out in the ocean and just destroy
boats and whatever. And so, God points to it and says, "This is good. It's part of my
good creation. Don't mess with it because it'll mess with you." From that perspective
in Job... do we get that anywhere else? Because that's a good [unintelligible
00:33:23]. But is that the only one? Because maybe it was a friendly sea monster.
Tim: Well, I would just turn upside down. You don't see the claim of perfection, meaning
no hardship or suffering being made in Genesis 1.
Jon: It doesn't really say either way?
Tim: No, no. But if humans are going to be working in a garden, that's going to require
Jon: But weren't the curse that it was work before? Wasn't going to be work?
Tim: The curse is that now that humans want to be God and define good and evil for
themselves, how humans operate and build their families and neighborhoods and
societies is going to be fraught with more conflict and difficulty than it could have
Jon: It wasn't saying that everything was hunky dory and now it sucks? That's the curse?
Tim: I think the point of Genesis 1 and 2 is the stage is set. There's so much potential.
Man, this thing could really go somewhere if humans trust God, and don't seize the
opportunity to define good and evil for themselves. And then, of course, they do.
Then you read that story and you're like—
Jon: I'm going to have to be a skeptic here a little bit. I want to pursue this further with
you because I mean, that's a big paradigm shift. And your point, so far, it doesn't say
it's kind of agnostic, and it doesn't say things are perfect.
Tim: What are you looking for the story to say to fit the idea of perfect? What's absent in
a perfect world that you could fit into Genesis 1 and 2?
Jon: What absent in a perfect world?
Tim: What's not a part of existence, human existence?
Man: He's asking for you to substantiate your skepticism.
Jon: Well, obviously, my skepticism is born out of the paradigm that's been drilled into
my brain since I was in—
Tim: What's perfect about God bringing order, setting creatures over them as images and
saying, "Go do more of what I just did, and gave to you. Go do more of that?" How's
Jon: With the repetition of the word "good" and then a "very good." But I guess that
doesn't mean perfect. It's just good.
Tim: Good. In both Hebrew and Greek, the word "perfect" means completed. Whole.
Whole or complete having fulfilled their purpose. That's very opposite of what
Genesis 1 and 2 is just beginning their purpose. It’s purpose unrealized.
Jon: So it's the beginning of a journey to some sort of wholeness?
Jon: Is there an assumption that you will get there?
Tim: Of course. What would be the point of starting something that has the capability of
becoming what you may...?
Jon: Well, then if you can get there, then there must be a state of perfection?
Tim: My head hurts. Where you're going is the class the Supralapsarian did God ordained
the fall so that he could bind himself to the world through the incarnation to perfect
Jon: No, that's not where I'm going? I'm just going, if there is a state of perfection, which
the world is heading to completion, then why is it out of balance to say that's how
God started it?
Tim: And then that we ruined that?
Jon: And then that we ruined that?
Tim: Yeah, I don't know. The biblical words for perfection mean complete. I mean,
everything in the very nature of the plotline is that it's God's setting up something
with potential to be completed. And then the people to whom he gave the task to
join them in completing—
Jon: So in Revelation 22 when the humans are reigning, is that in a completed sense, or
in a sense where we're still moving towards completion?
Tim: Well, that's what's beautiful about it is that now you have humans who because of
the incarnation are so joined and brought into God's own inner life and loves. And
then when that happens, then now we can get the story back on track and humans
will do what they didn't do.
Jon: So we don't end in a state of perfection in Revelation 22?
Tim: Well, I guess in that sense perfection is a state where things are whole in the way
that they're intended to be. Because there's nothing ending in Revelation 22. It's like
the last battle in "The Chronicles of Narnia," where it's further up and further in, and
they're going forever.
Jon: So perfection doesn't mean completion of a story, it means wholeness of a purpose?
Jon: So you're saying to put this construct of perfection by which we mean nothing ever
goes wrong, that more to Genesis 1 and 2 is not what the story have—
Tim: Yeah. I think we're imposing a whole bunch of things on to the story that if you
didn’t that assumption, you would never get those out of that story.
Jon: But the humans wouldn't have died. There's no death.
Tim: It doesn't say that either. It just says that there is the opportunity for them to not die
if they obeyed God.
Tim: Yeah. If the tree of life—
Jon: You're blowing my Sunday school brain right now.
Tim: There are two trees: the tree of life, then the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. If you
eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, the day that you eat of it, you will
die. They eat of it and they are banished from the garden because God says, "If they
now take from the tree of life, and live forever, bad news."
Jon: So the tree of life allowed them to live forever?
Tim: Yeah, so it's idea that the immortality is not inherent in human existence. That it's a
gift. And that if humans had stayed in a relationship of trust, they would have had
access to the gift of eternal life. But that gift is lost when the humans rebel. So again,
it's not perfect, its potential to be really good.
Jon: So there was a potential for living into the human project in a complete way. It was
good in that sense. It was good in that there was potential to live life eternal.
Tim: Yeah. Which is life in the presence of God.
Jon: Is it or is it never dying?
Tim: Yeah, exactly. I mean, those two are the same thing. Like in John 17, where Jesus
says, "And this is eternal life that they might know the Father." So it's the same thing.
I mean, the Tree of Life is this narrative image of I'm receiving life from a source
outside myself that transcends my biological capabilities. Which will extend my life,
but it's not disconnected from being in God's presence.
Tim: It's directly connected.
Jon: It's directly connected.
Tim: Yeah. I mean, this is why everything with the garden is connected to temple and
holiness and purity, why purity is associated with life, impurity is associated with
death. All those together.
Jon: In the story, there's this sense that there was a tree that provided eternal life. And by
that, we're saying the ability to live in God's presence forever. And that was lost
because if we had access to that while also eating of the tree of knowledge of good
and evil things would be really, really bad.
Tim: Yeah. Or in God's words in the story, "Behold, the man has become like one of us."
Again, humans are already made in the image of God, but then, now they have
aspired to become like us in a way that is not good - Knowing good and evil. Now,
he might stretch out his hand and also take from the tree of life and eat and live
forever. So he's cut off from the tree, which is access to God's presence in the
garden, and so on.
Jon: So what's the significance of this? What's the story saying? It's saying that...
Tim: Remembering in that Peter Thiel and NT Wright conversation, they had a discussion
about this. Immortality. NT Wright mentioned, the first place it appears is the ancient
Greek myth of somebody who's cursed with living forever.
Jon: Oh, right.
Tim: But they got the gift of eternal life, but they forgot to ask for the gift of eternal
Jon: Yeah. And they just get older.
Tim: Yeah, totally.
Jon: And your back hurts more and more and more so you wish you were dead. So
eating of the tree of life, while also eating of the tree of knowledge of good and evil
is actually the closest thing that we have in the Bible to eternal conscious torment.
Tim: To hell.
Jon: To hell.
Tim: That's correct. Yeah, it's a good way of putting it. It's, I want to be God, and I want to
be God forever.
Jon: Which is not going to go well.
Tim: It's not going to go well. And not just because God's offended. Human history has
borne out the fact that we are really poor gods. And again, that's why this isn't just
about a path. This story is at the same time about all of us every day as it is about
humans going all the way back as far back as humans go. Because I on a regular
basis I'm tempted to define something that's evil, that's good because it's
convenient for me to do that.
The renewal of the image, it's tied to a conception of the story, biblical story, that it
doesn't begin with perfection, and then we ruined it. It begins with all of the
potential for something that's very good to become what God wanted it to be. But
He gave us a significant say in the matter of how the story would go. And we made
our choice. And we make a choice every day.
That's why the world is the way that it is. But God is for humans, and he's for his
world. And so, He personally bound his own self to this world in the image of God,
that is Jesus. And then humans can find their new humanity restored according to
the true image of God by finding themselves to Jesus and letting Jesus restore the
image within us so that when the kingdom of God is fully realized in the new
creation, the story can go where God wanted it to go.
Jon: Thanks again for listening to The Bible Project podcast. The next episode will be the
third and final part of this conversation on the Image of God. So we'll put a bow on
it, try to wrap that up. Also, coming up on this podcast, we're going to continue
talking about themes of the Bible, books of the Bible like we've been doing, but
we're also going to start adding some stories of friends of ours that we meet along
the way. Tim and I will discuss those stories as well. I hope you like those podcast
episodes. They'll be coming up.
Hey, we make videos and we put them up on YouTube. They are for free. They
explained biblical books and biblical themes. We'll also do more series along the
way. You can find them at youtube.com/thebibleproject. You could also find out
more about this nonprofit what we're up to at jointhbibleproject.com. And we're on
Facebook facebook.com/jointhebibleproject and Twitter, @JointheBibleProj. Thanks,
guys. See you next time.