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Transcript

Glory of God

Podcast Date: May 3, 2016

(52:32)

Speakers in the audio file:

Jon Collins

Tim Mackie


Jon: What does it mean to glorify God? Is it simply singing songs? Does it somehow have

to do with our behavior? And why is God so interested in his glory? Somehow this all

connects us back to the theme that we've been talking about, the image of God.

Tim: Everybody images God; just some humans do it really poorly, and some humans do

it better. So what does it mean to do it better? In the Bible then, this is where the

image of God overlaps with the theme and the vocabulary of glory — what it means

to glorify someone. Because that's what the image does.

Jon: We're going to talk about the glory of God in this episode of the podcast. So thanks

for joining us. Let's go.

We haven't recorded anything in a while, but the last thing that was out was on the

image of God. We kind of jumped into this conversation about the image of God

versus glorifying God but we didn't set out to do that. It just kind of came out when I

started asking about the Westminster Catechism.

Tim: Yeah, it came out of the image of God video was exploring the idea that in Genesis 1

and 2, the image of God is God's commissioning part of humans’ purpose to reflect

an image God in our work, and family, and life and how we make the world to

something.

Jon: Right. Then I was wrestling with the fact that typically I've been told that the purpose

of humanity is to glorify God. That's the language used. And so, I really kind of pitted

this idea of glorifying God versus this idea of imaging God, which we described as

your work and your creativity and your role on earth. And so, you can leave that

conversation thinking, "Okay, these guys are pooh-poohing this idea of glorifying

God."

Tim: And then we got a great comment, some good thoughts from a friend of ours.

Shout out to Dan Baber who's glorifying God on the other side of the planet as a

missionary. And he's awesome.

Jon: Really good guy.

Tim: He had some great comments about well, glorifying isn't just what we talked about

it in part three of that podcast in the image of God, just singing praises. I think that

we identified glorifying God with singing worship songs.

And so, he just reminded us like, "Man, look at the biblical vocabulary about giving

glory to God is also about behavior and how you live." Like Paul says in 1

Corinthians, whatever you do, eating, drinking, whatever, do it for God's glory. That

was a good reminder.

Jon: Super good reminder.

Tim: To Dan, it's a bigger picture.

Jon: What I want to explore with you that is, let's talk about glorifying God some more,

kind of really understand what that word means biblically. But then let's talk about in

relationship with this idea of being the image of God. Because I want to make sure

that those ideas are set on the table at the same time pitting them against each

other. I think that could be really interesting things to learn doing that.

Tim: That's right. Maybe even another theme video.

Jon: Yeah, that's what you said to me. You were like, "Maybe glorifying God's another

theme video."

Tim: That's glory.

Jon: That'd be awesome.

Tim: Well, as I thought about Dan's comments and then our conversation from the

podcast, this is more about the image of God as statue, and so on. So what we did in

the video, which is right because I think it's what the word is doing in Genesis 1, it's

the word for a statue, idol statue image is semel [SP] in Hebrew.

Think about it for an ancient King or like a god who portrayed himself as a king or

claimed he was a king. If you come across Pharaoh statue at a city in Israel and you

look at the statue, and that's supposed to both represent an image Pharaoh who's

far away but his image is here in your city. But also, it is a way of increasing

Pharaoh's reputation or glorifying Pharaoh. It's a way of bringing honor to Pharaoh.

There's something in Genesis 1 using the vocabulary of image about humans, is that

humans by the ways that they do what they're doing in the world making stuff, that

their existence is as a pointer to bear witness to the Creator and so on. The image of

God isn't separate from glorifying God, which we'll talk about what that word means,

but the point of an image is to point to a reality of what it represents.

And so, even the vocabulary "image of God" builds into the storyline that humans

are meant to reflect something greater than themselves. And humans are really

great. I think maybe the point is that in some Christian traditions we've demoted

humans from the high position they're given in the biblical story.

Jon: I think maybe that's the problem I run into is that when I hear someone say, "You

need to glorify God," I think of I need to get out of the way and I need to

acknowledge who God is, and sing his praises, tell other people about how great He

is. But it's really about removing me from the equation because I'm screwed up. And

if you focus on me and what I'm doing, that's not glorifying God. That's glorifying

myself. How would you react to that?

Tim: Well, I think it would be that in the biblical story humans image God in how what

they do. But there is a more or less faithful way to reflect God's image as you go

about your work in days and how you treat people in whatever, your day to day

tasks. So everybody images God, just some humans do it really poorly, and some

humans do it better.

So what does it mean to do it better? In the Bible, then this is where the image of

God overlaps with the theme and the vocabulary of glory — what it means to glorify

someone. Because that's what the image does, it brings honor and it points to the

reality.

Jon: If I walked into a city and there's this massive beautiful statue of a king and it's

overwhelming, it's just huge, larger than life, I'm going to feel like, "Wow this is

important. This king's important, and this king must be mighty because this took a

lot of might to build. And this king must be really smart and powerful and all these

things," so that statue by giving me that impression is glorifying the king.

Tim: And that's what images do. On a more mundane level, think of here in Portland, Jon

on 39th and Glisan, the big roundabout, there's a statue of Joan of Arc. In the middle

of Portland, there's the roundabout that has a shiny, golden statue of Joan of Arc

riding a horse. It's really remarkable. Come visit Portland and you'll see it.

So what's the point of that? The point is, is here's this human who's incredible from

centuries ago. But it's about bringing Joan of Arc some degree of honor or

remembrance by creating an image to represent her. And every time you go by 39th

and Glisan, you'll think of her. So that's image point to a living person in that case.

In a sense, what image of God means is that humans bring glory to God. But then

we have to go, "Well, what does that mean because in the Bible, glorifying God can

include singing a song?" That's what it means to most people who say the word in

English. But the biblical vision of how humans bring glory to God is way more

interesting and rich.

[00:09:13]

Jon: So, glorifying God is bigger than just singing a song. But in my mind, it was already

bigger than singing a song and that if I were to go up to you on the street and you

didn't know about God, and I were to tell you about God and get you on board with

fearing God, and loving God, and these things, that's glorifying God as well. So

evangelism, making disciples.

Tim: You're saying kind of in your upbringing?

Jon: In my upbringing, yeah.

Tim: In your general upbringing in a conservative American church. If you have a word

"glory" in your vocabulary, what did it mean to you?

Jon: In my vocabulary there was glory and it meant worshiping on Sundays—

Tim: Like songs?

Jon: Yeah, singing songs, and basically being a good disciple, like doing things that

disciples are supposed to do, namely getting other people to recognize God. That's

a very specific way you can glorify God. But then also just doing the right thing

versus doing the wrong thing, that's glorifying to God. So I guess that was all part of

the definition.

But it wasn't as broad as what I'm learning at school is going to help me glorify God

or my vocation to glorify God, or a conversation with a friend that isn't about God is

glorifying to God. Only to the extent of maybe that we didn't cuss. But to the extent

that we talked about something that had nothing to do with the Bible or Jesus, then

how could that be glorifying to God?

But then as we talk about the image of God and the role of ruling the earth and

subduing that and now incorporates how we run our families, and how we do our

jobs and the things that we're interested in, and all our creativity and all of our

imagination, all of this gets lumped in there, then the question becomes, well, what

conversation isn't in that category? Or what activity is in that category.

And I think that's the right way to think about it. It's probably the way most people

think about it. But it got siloed for me. And so, when we had that past conversation, I

started to pit them against each other, like, "Oh, so the point of existence isn't to

glorify God, the point of existence is to image God, to rule on his behalf." And that

was so much more captivating to me because I had this very narrow, very narrow

idea of what it is to glorify God.

Tim: I still think the point we were trying to make is still one we're making, that the

Westminster Catechism which brilliant, wonderful disciples of Jesus made that

catechism, it's worth a lot of time and reflection and learning what it has to say.

However, when it summarizes the purpose of humans with that phrase to glorify

God, to me, what was interesting was that vocabulary isn't found on the first pages

of the Bible. What is found on the first pages of the Bible about the purpose of

humans is that they are the image of God and that they are to rule.

So that was our basic point was, if it's a contest of who's more biblical, at least we're

just trying to say the Bible starts by using this set of concepts and ideas. And

glorifying God comes out of that. But I at least want to say if I'm representing what

the Bible says about the purpose of humans, we should talk first about the image of

God. That was our point.

Jon: That make sense. So, first talk about the image of God, but then embedded in that,

embedded in an image is glorifying the thing that it's imaging.

Tim: Yeah, that's right.

Jon: And so, we need to have a conversation about glory.

Tim: That's right. What's important too, the Apostle Paul is really significant here because

he uses the vocabulary of glory and glorifying at key moments in his letters to talk

about the human condition and what's wrong and what's right with humans. I think

that's actually probably where the language came from in the Westminster

confession is rooted in Paul's constant use of "glory" vocabulary. Which is really

interesting. We could talk about some of it here.

Jon: What was the verse that you threw out there at the beginning? "Whatever you do,

whether you eat or drink, do it all for the glory of God."

Tim: That's in the Paul's 1 Corinthians chapter 10. And there it's in the context of you have

a church where Christians are fighting over whether certain kind of meats that were

sacrificed in pagan temples, whether eating them dishonors God or brings glory to

God. They were having this debate.

Paul thinks it's a gray area in some ways. And so his whole point is, "Whether you

eating, whether you're drinking, listen, any activity you take should be done to

glorify God."

Jon: So in the context of the verses is like, if you're not going to eat it, do that to glorify

God. And if you're going to eat it, do that to glorify God.

Tim: That's right, yeah. But it raises the point that our friend Dan raised, which is a good

one, is that when Paul says that, he's not talking about singing worship songs.

Jon: Right. He's talking about eating.

Tim: For Paul, you can have a meal and glorify God.

Jon: But this meal specifically is about a rule that God gave. No, no, no, no, I guess not.

This is specifically about whether or not it was meat...

[crosstalk 00:14:42]

Tim: Yeah. And what he says, especially for Christians is that we don't believe that these

idol statue is representing Zeus or Apollo's are real, live idols. And so, he says,

"Listen, you know who created the world and that cow, enjoy a good steak as a gift

from God. And that is glorifying God."

Jon: The counter-argument to that that Paul would be then addressing would be the

person saying, "Look, this image of Zeus, who this was sacrificed to, that's

dangerous. It's a false god, and it's leading many people astray. Don't participate in

that at all. Don't eat that meat"

Tim: And Paul says, "If there are people who think that Zeus is still real and powerful and

dangerous, and they are new Christians and they're around, then don't eat it."

Jon: The loving thing to do is don't eat it.

Tim: You won't be glorifying God if you eat it. But then he says, "If you're by yourself or

there are none of those people around, and you know that God made the cow and

the top sirloin, then enjoy it. And thanking God with every bite and swallow is a way

of giving honor to or glorifying God."

Jon: So I can think of this whole conversation or this entire interaction still through my

old paradigm of glorifying God is just doing the right thing. So the right thing is

whether or not, this is a dangerous...eating the meat is dangerous in some way

dishonoring to God, if God is bummed out.

And so, Paul kind of takes it back and goes, "No, God doesn't get bummed out

whether or not you eat the meat, God cares more about what is the implications of

whether you're eating the meat?

Tim: I couldn't have queued this up more perfectly. What I'm just going to do is push

pause on this moment in the conversation, go backwards and just do a quick build

up the definition of the biblical word "glory" and then come back to this matter in 1

Corinthians. And it's different. I think we'll see it in a new paradigm.

Jon: Great.

[00:17:18]

Tim: The Hebrew word for "glory" as a noun is the Hebrew word "kavod," K-A-V-O-D is

the simplest way to transliterate it. When I was first learning Hebrew, this was a

pretty easy one to remember because its most basic simple meaning is "heavy."

Literally heavy.

Jon: So it means heavy?

Tim: Heavy.

Jon: So "that rock is glorious" means "that rock is heavy"?

Tim: Yeah. Or in the Book of Judges chapter 3, there's the one of the heroes or

antiheroes. It depends on your point of view. Heroes. A guy named Ehud, the lefthanded

assassin stabs this king in the belly, a guy named Eglon. And we're told that

Eglon was kavod kavod - a derivation of the word meaning heavy heavy.

Jon: He was heavy, heavy?

Tim: He was fat, huge man. And that explains why the belly was exploded open when he

stabbed it and so on. Anyway.

Jon: So he was glorious glorious?

Tim: Yeah, totally. That's the word. Kavod.

Jon: Kavod kavod.

Tim: Heavy. In English, we have this too. In English, we use the word "heavy" in nonliteral

way as all the time. I think maybe more of it happened in a previous generation to

just say that's heavy.

Jon: That's heavy.

Tim: It's so heavy, man. I don't know if any of you say that. But we might say someone

didn't grasp the gravity of the situation. Again, we're using "heavy" metaphors to

talk about what? If I say, "That's heavy or don't you grasp gravity or this is such a

way to matter, what do we mean?

Jon: Yeah.

Tim: What do we mean?

Jon: We don't mean it literally has this physical weight that we're trying to uphold. It's not

literal. It means that's the substance of this idea is it has so much bearing on other

things.

Tim: Yeah. It's important. It's important. It's significant. It's weighty. It's heavy. It takes up

space. That's the idea. We use that as a metaphor all the time of something. An

event that was heavy when so and so fell down and broke their leg, and now they

can't work anymore.

Jon: It's kind of like if you had this big boulder in the middle of your field and it's heavy.

You want to use that field for another purpose, you got to get rid of it. The

implications of getting rid of this thing it's going to be really large because of its

heftiness. And you can't ignore it because it's so big and heavy. And you can just see

it and it's just bearing on all these other factors.

Tim: That's right. This is what's interesting about the Hebrew word "kavod." Somebody

can be kavod. Like Eglon, he's heavy.

Jon: He's heavy heavy.

Tim: But then David can say something like this in Psalm 7. He can say, "All my enemies

are chasing me, people want to shame me and bad mouth me and depose me as

King. And so he says in Psalm 7, "My kavod is in the dirt right now."

Jon: Is that like being in the doghouse?

Tim: But it's not him that's in the doghouse. It's his kavod. So you can speak of somebody

as being heavy but then you can also speak of a person having a certain degree of

heaviness about them. We might say reputation or honor. It's a person significance.

It's the aura that surrounds somebody not in a new-agey way.

Like when the president walks into a room, everyone's quiet, and the Secret Service

lead and follow. And you go, "There is someone with kavod." This sense of kavod is

actually the majority of the uses in the Old Testament - that someone has kavod.

David's kavod. In Genesis 49, Jacob talks about his two sons who went and

murdered all of the people in that city. He says, "Don't let my kavod be counted

along with theirs." Or the poet's in Psalm 8 that we talked about in the image of God

podcast series, Psalm 8 eight says that human beings are crowned with kavod. So

God has given human beings kavod, and that's where the image of God overlaps

with his glorifying...

Jon: I see. Crown being their authority to rule is their kavod.

Tim: Yes, is their kavod. So human beings when they image God well, it's their kavod.

Then it points to something greater, but we'll get to that. Okay. So there's that.

Then, of course, humans have kavod. Then in the Bible, most often, though, it's God

has kavod. Well, it's very interesting, because it's not just God's reputation but God's

kavod is used to describe the physical manifestation of God's significance when he

shows up somewhere.

The first time it occurs is on Mount Sinai when God descends personally down on

the mountain, and there's fire and cloud and smoke. Then in Exodus 24, that cloud

and smoke and fire is called God's kavod. So it starts out with just heavy, then it's a

metaphor for something—

Jon: For your influence or your reputation.

Tim: Humanity as a whole has it as a gift from God. It's part of who they are as human.

And then God has kavod. So connected here is another really important story about

God's kavod in the book of Isaiah, in Isaiah 6 where Isaiah has the temple vision and

he's in there and there's these crazy winged creatures, and they're screaming that

God is holy, holy, holy. And then how they unpack what it means for God to be

unique and one of a kind, they say, "The whole earth is full of God's kavod. The

whole earth is full of his kavod."

Jon: This is what the cherubim is screaming?

Tim: This is what the angelic creatures are screaming out in the temple.

Jon: So not just the clouds that descended on Mount Sinai, it was his kavod, but

everything in the earth is his kavod.

Tim: All creation is God's kavod. You look at the clouds, the trees, the stars, the fish—

Jon: What would that mean if I came up to you and I said, "Tim, I just want you to know

that all of creation is my kavod?" What am I trying to say there?

Tim: Think Mount Sinai. God's kavod is this cloud.

Jon: Okay, even there, that's hard for me to wrap my mind around. Let's just start there.

Tim: Okay.

Jon: It's a thundery day in Portland and I walk up to you and I say, "You see these clouds,

these are my kavod." In some mystical way, am I saying the power of electricity and

the forces of nature like those somehow speak to the weightiness and gravity

importance of me?"

Tim: Yeah.

Jon: That would be a very interesting thing to say.

Tim: Totally.

Jon: And you would just push me over. You would trip me. You would be like, "Where did

you get that from now?"

Tim: Yeah, "who took over your body?" Yeah, exactly. That's the ideas that someone is so

important that what surrounds them in their environment is the manifestation of

who they are. For David, his kavod, if you went to David's throne room, you'd see

these banners on the wall of his military victories, and you would see his servants

and his musician, the buildings. That's his kavod.

Jon: So in the same way, if you went to my bedroom when I was in high school, and I've

got like art on the wall, snowboarding posters, and the couch I picked out and

everything, is that my kavod?

Tim: In a way.

Jon: Like, "Come into my throne room. There's my guitar and there's my Star Wars

figurines." It's supposed to say something about who I am and so like it's my kavod.

Tim: We're in the ballpark.

Jon: We're in the ballpark?

Tim: Totally. Yeah, we're in the ballpark.

Jon: And if someone came in, and they trashed my room, I'd be like, "My kavod is dust.

You're treating my kavod and then you're trampling over my kavod."

Tim: Yeah. That's a concrete way. Of course, for David, it's a psalm—

Jon: But it also really more is like what people actually think of me.

Tim: That's right,

Jon: Not what I'm portraying myself as, but my real kavod—

Tim: It's when you go to school—

Jon: That's my projected kavod.

Tim: That's correct. That the physical manifestation of your kavod.

Jon: That's what I want my kavod to be is like the clothes I'm wearing and how I decorate

my room and the car I'm driving. But my real kavod is how people are perceiving it.

Tim: How people perceive your significance and your importance.

Jon: And when someone their projected kavod is very different than their actual

perceived kavod, you think those people are kind of weird.

Tim: Someone who presents himself as more important than they really are, that would

be a false kavod.

Jon: They are false kavoding.

Tim: There you go.

Jon: I'm tracking now.

Tim: You're tracking now. You're on it. Okay.

Jon: So when God comes into Sinai and—

Tim: Well, for someone to show up and their kavod is a lightning storm—

Jon: Whether that's perceived or that's how it's actually happening, that's a very

significant kavod.

Tim: Right. And it means that whoever that being is, just like a really cool shirt is my

kavod, God's kavod is a storm and an earthquake.

Jon: It's intense.

Tim: He's the creator. It's the creator's kavod. That's exactly what the creatures in Isaiah's

vision are getting at when they say, "God is holy, holy, holy," which means one of a

kind, unique, set apart, the only being like God, and how do they explain or unpack

what that means, that the whole of the earth is full of God's kavod.

So all of creation is like this testimony, this physical symbol, or this image that points

to the brilliance and the wisdom and the power of the being who made it. It's God's

kavod. It's the physical manifestation of how wise and beautiful or powerful God is.

This is very similar to Psalm 19. The poet begins by saying, "The Heavens declare the

glory of God." So creation itself is constantly bearing witness to the kavod, to the

reputation and the significance of the being who made them.

[00:29:48]

Tim: This is a very rich, rich, biblical concept of God's kavod. Then what's interesting,

that's just the noun, "glory." Then there's also a verb used in Hebrew that's similar to

the noun. The noun's "kavod" and then the verb is, "kaved". Essentially, it means to

speak or act in a way that brings kavod to somebody.

So I can show you kavod or show you no kavod by how I talk to you. I mean, that's

pretty intuitive. We do it all the time.

Jon: Respect.

Tim: It's respect. Or honor I think it's a more precise English word for it. We can dishonor

somebody, or we can honor someone by how we speak to them or how we treat

them.

Jon: And this could be your body language, this could be the tone of voice you're using,

the type of vocabulary you're using, and certainly in other languages, the way you're

using language.

Tim: That's acts of communication. But then there's in our relationship, I could detract

from your kavod or add to your kavod by how—

Jon: By the decisions you're making.

Tim: Yeah. You and I work together on The Bible Project. So I could make decisions—

Jon: That undermine me.

Tim: Yeah, I could not show up on time for this conversation and show up two hours late

and be like, "Whoa, get over it, Jon." That would be detracting from your kavod

because I'm not giving you kavod. In the biblical vocabulary, that's what that word

means.

In the book of Psalms, it's most often used with praise — singing language. I just

pulled literally one example at random. There's dozens we could draw. On Psalm 71,

"my mouth is filled with your praise and I speak of your kavod. So praise is about

increasing God's kavod through song.

But then there's also the majority, all these other times, where you give kavod or

don't give kavod to God by how you live. This is where Paul the apostle's vocabulary

of glory comes into its own.

Jon: Let's go through it one more time. Originally, it just meant weightiness, heaviness,

become a metaphor for how important something is, how much matter something.

That's interesting the word "matter" has the same thing. Does it matter? Does it have

matter?

Tim: Wow. Yeah, that's a metaphor.

Jon: It's a metaphor.

Tim: Does it matter? Does it have substance?

Jon: Does it have substance?

Tim: I've never thought about that.

Jon: Same kind of idea. Is it heavy? So "glory" metaphorically right off the bat is, does this

thing matter? And if you do matter, then you have kavod. If you don't matter, you

don't have kavod. When David says, "My kavod is in the dirt," he means, "no one

thinks I matter. My reputation is shot."

Tim: That's right.

Jon: And then when God shows up and his kavod is this powerful storm, that's important.

That matters. You want to pay attention to a storm.

Tim: Yes. And that storm is a physical manifestation of his kavod. It points to how his

kavod, which is even more powerful and amazing than a storm.

Jon: Right. That's how it's manifesting. And you pay attention to a storm. Storm matters.

It has substance. Storm isn't heavy in the sense that electricity is heavy—

Tim: Clouds actually aren't that heavy

Jon: Clouds. But sense of metaphorically it matters. And then when the cherubim say, "All

of God's creation is a testimony to his kavod"...

Tim: Literally the earth is the fullness of his kavod.

Jon: So if you want to understand the importance of God, you need to understand the

importance of everything - How significant is the oceans, that's part of God's

significance, how significant is the weather in a mountain, and how significant is that

rock, and how significant is anything in creation.

Tim: Yeah. But it's about its beauty and grandeur. It's a testimony to God's kavod because

he's the one who made it.

Jon: Whatever you find the light in a sunset, or whenever you trip out about the vastness

of outer space, or whenever you...all of these things, that's a testimony to what God's

importance is — his kavod.

Tim: Yeah. Just like you'd walk around Jerusalem in David's day and be like, "Oh, these

buildings and those flags, these amazingly well behave soldiers." And David would

say, "Yes, this is my kavod."

Jon: Cool. Well, then, if you're interacting with David, you could show him kavod or not

by the way you act.

Tim: Or speak.

Jon: So if you encounter David and you didn't give him my contact, I don't know what

culturally that's meant, you spit on him or something—

Tim: Or you didn't bow in his presence and be like, "Maybe the king live forever."

Something like that.

Jon: Right. That would be more a typical thing.

Tim: Yeah.

Jon: Okay. So you don't bow, then you're not showing David kavod.

Tim: Correct.

Jon: And so, the same way, you are able to have some relationship with the creator of the

universe, which as Christians, we believe you can, then you can by the way you act or

talk, you can show kavod or not show kavod.

Tim: Yeah. The whole biblical concept of worship and praise is you create the most

beautiful language, poetry, and the most beautiful sounds, music and you combine

those, and the sole purpose is just to bring honor to the Creator.

Jon: Like if we could create a sunset, that would also give honor to God. But we don't. But

we can create music and that's beautiful.

Tim: And poetry.

Jon: And art.

Tim: And art. And so the whole theology of what worship is to scribe and to declare out

loud God's honor and his reputation.

Jon: That's really helpful.

Tim: Here we're back to the image of God, that although human beings are glorious in

the biblical sense of that word, we aren't the Creator. Our existence along with all of

creation is meant to point to the wisdom and the power and the beauty of a being

that's even more remarkable than we are. And biblical worship is setting aside

moments to say out loud to ourselves, and to that being about how remarkable that

being is, namely the Creator.

It's a moment where you build into a rhythm of your life. It is this recognizing your

place in the universe. And it's not because humans are lame, it's because humans are

the image of something even more glorious than humans. Sorry, you just said like,

"That's helpful for me," and then I interrupted you.

Jon: No, you didn't interrupt. You're just making me kind of realize that anything we do

can speak to God's glory. It can be his kavod.

Tim: Yeah. Here it's where it overlaps with the concept of the image of God. Human

beings image God when they rule the world on God's behalf in a way that brings

honor and honors the intention and purpose of the Creator. And in so doing, they

glorify God. So yeah, it's a complete overlap, which is why Paul can come all the way

back around and say, "Whether you're eating or drinking, whatever you do as a

human being, you can do it to God's honor, to God's kavod, to increase God's kavod.

In this case, whether you're honoring some other people in your church community

by how you behave. But of course, he says, "Whatever you do, do it all to the glory

of God."

Jon: Do everything to increase God's kavod.

Tim: Somehow it's more intuitive to us. We immediately think in how I treat people

relationally or we might immediately think in how I am a moral person obeying

moral rules or something. But when you link it to the image of God, which is what

the Bible does, it's about all of the human calling and existence and vocation. That's

the point we were trying to make in the video.

In that sense, if that's what the framers of the Westminster catechism mean...

Jon: Then yes, the chief end of man is to glorify God.

Tim: Totally. But once again, what's interesting to me is that that biblical vocabulary isn't

used on pages 1 and 2 of the Bible. It comes later in the Bible as a way of unpacking

further what human beings do, and are and who God is and so on. And so it's useful,

but the word "glorify" unless you go through that whole thing that we just did,

doesn't immediately communicate that to people.

[00:40:34]

Jon: So we circled back then to the 1 Corinthians 10 situation, where do you eat the meat

or do you not eat the meat? So scenario one: you're not eating the meat because

someone who thinks that scandalous because they think Zeus is a problem, whether

they think Zeus is real or they just think by even participating in that pagan ritual

you are giving it merit, which is dangerous, whatever the reasoning is, it's scandalous

to them. And they're your brother in Christ or someone who could possibly be a

brother in Christ.

Tim: that's right. Or they, as Paul says, might have caused to stumble. In other words, they

might think, "Oh, I can be a follower of Jesus and sacrifice to Zeus at the same time?

Cool. Well, I didn't know that. I thought I had to give all my allegiance to Jesus, but

you're saying I can actually worship both." So Paul would say, "You are not giving

kavod to God by—

Jon: If you're not loving someone you do not have kavod.

Tim: Correct. Because that person is someone who bears and reflects the image of God,

and they're of ultimate value and worth, and their well-being, is my concern, is they

are a fellow human. And so if I behave in a way that takes away from their wellbeing,

I'm not giving kavod to God.

Jon: It's the same thing as not bowing to King David, not bowing to the king is not loving

your neighbor.

Tim: That's right. Yes, that's right.

Jon: It communicates the same thing, which is I don't is important.

Tim: Because what I'm saying is, "Oh, I want to do whatever the heck I want and I don't

care how it affects that image-bearing human being that God loves and cares

about."

Jon: Well, you could say you're not respecting that person's kavod, which is true, but

more so, you also not giving honor to God's kavod.

Tim: That's right. The link is God's role as the Creator and the originator of all that is

including that image being human. But then Paul says, "But let's say that persons not

around. There's nobody around that is going to be led to worship Zeus."

Jon: Like you're at the market, you got some meat—

Tim: You're at the market and you're like, "Great, tri-tip cuts today."

Jon: And they're like, "By the way this was Zeus," and you're like, "Ah, it doesn't bother

me."

Tim: "It doesn't matter." And you go, "Because Zeus is just a piece of metal up in that

right building. I know who made this animal. I know where the universe comes from.

It comes from the creator of all this."

So that's what he says. He says, "If I can eat this meat with thankfulness, then

whatever you eat, whatever you drink, do it for the glory of God."

Jon: So in that situation, I'm just eating meat, and that is giving God kavod.

Tim: Well, if I eat it, he says, "With thankfulness."

Jon: Okay. So by being thankful, then that increases God's kavod.

Tim: Yeah. It's tradition of why Jews and Christians pray before meals. It's the same

activity as singing songs on Sundays. You pause in your life and you recognize that

"all of my life and existence is a gift from someone more beautiful, wise, and

amazing than me. And my existence is meant to reflect that being. So my enjoyment

of this sustaining food and it tastes great, what a gift? Thank you, God." And in that

sense, you can eat a steak to the glory of God. And you increase God kavod.

Jon: In that sense, you could surf to the glory of God?

Tim: Yeah.

Jon: Like if you are riding a wave and you are being thankful at the same time?

Tim: Yeah, yeah, right.

Jon: Or am I taking it too far?

Tim: No. I think when human beings enjoy God's good world in a way that sustains love

of God and love of neighbor, honors the teaching of Jesus—

Jon: If you're skipping out on family responsibilities to surf, that's not increasing God's

kavod.

Tim: Yeah, totally. Yeah, that's right. I mean, this gets down to a whole other topic. But

when human beings are fulfilling their divine purpose, and then just simply enjoying

the gift of existence, that is a testimony to God's kavod.

In the same way that architect could design a beautiful building that's meant to just

inspire people when they walk into the atrium or something, then them enjoying

and hanging out in the atrium for hours and just staring at the ceiling is a way of

bringing kavod to that architect. It's very, very similar idea.

Jon: Isn't it remarkable how much the etymology of words helps understand concepts?

Tim: Yeah.

Jon: Always that just really astounded by how significant that is that all of our languages,

metaphorical to some degree. And that the base of our language is generally some

very concrete metaphor. And once you understand what that is, then it kind of helps

you understand what that word is. Sometimes it has left that meaning.

Tim: Yeah, that's right. Like butterfly is not a fly made out of a stick of butter.

Jon: Right.

Tim: There etymology doesn't help you. But doing word studies and studying a whole

range of words, meaning and seeing that, oh, here's like an older meaning or here's

the way the word originated in its usage, but then how it became a metaphor over

time or developed metaphorically here, something's heavy, then that can be used as

a metaphor. So I agree with you. I think this is basics of learning how to do word

studies of biblical vocabulary.

Jon: Is that how they teach it in higher education?

Tim: I don't know. It's how I teach how to do word studies.

Jon: How were you taught?

Tim: Well, first, it was about how to use a biblical concordance. I mean, this was back

before any online tools. And so actually using a big book. But now you can use tools

like Bible Gateway, you can just type in a word "glory." Just go type in glory in Bible

Gateway, and it will give you all the passages that use that word.

Jon: But you could still not—

Tim: You'll still not get there. So the key then is a step forward to get to study words in

Greek and Hebrew and know where all the times that occur and do that. But you can

do it. With a modest amount of homework and effort, anybody can learn how to do

decent word studies.

Jon: I'm constantly using at etymonline, E-T-Y-M-O-N-L-I-N-E.

Tim: Oh, that's just for English words.

Jon: It's for any word.

Tim: Any word?

Jon: I mean, let me put kavod and see.

Tim: Etymonline.

Jon: Oh, no, it doesn't find kavod. So yeah, it's English words.

Tim: Yeah, English words.

Jon: But let's see if I do glory. So here's what's interesting. So glory is from the French

"gloriier"; pride oneself on, boast about." Directly from Latin gloriari which in

classical use meant "to boast, or vaunt, or brag, or pride oneself."

That's really interesting because right off the bat, you have these two different

histories of this word, right?

Tim: Yeah. The word doesn't begin with way.

Jon: It doesn't begin with way.

Tim: It begins with a word, speaking, namely, bragging.

Jon: Bragging. So yeah, it's completely different. If you come in and say, "Man, that

person has so much weightiness to them. When they come in the rooms, they

become the center of gravity," and that's the metaphor you're using. Versus you go,

"Man, that person comes in room and they're just gabby about themselves. They just

won't stop talking about themselves."

Tim: Yeah, totally.

Jon: Then we use the word "glory" to translate the word "kavod" and they have

completely different etymologies.

Tim: This is the challenge of translation of the fact that the Bible is written in Greek and

Hebrew and Aramaic and all our translations, they're wonderful up to date efforts

that render it into our language. But we always have to recognize that there are

some limitations.

Jon: That might actually also help me understand my problem with the word glory. I think

at the bottom of this conversation is a little bit of my irritation with—

Tim: I see. Back to the driveway and the growing carrot?

Jon: Yeah. Somehow I get irritated when someone just says, "Well, it's just about

glorifying God." Part of that might be because in my understanding of the word

"glory" is this kind of classical Latin, where it's like, "Really, that's what God cares

about? Is that we just talk good about him, talk of who he is, and a very centered on

what we say and making sure that someone looks good." Like, someone's being very

boastful it's because they're just trying to look good. They are to be perceived as

someone important.

And so if I'm supposed to help someone be perceived as important in the same way

that just feels really...that's like worship songs. Right? Like, God can't be down here

saying how important He is so we're doing it for him.

Tim: That's right.

Jon: We're going to tell God how important he is.

Tim: Whereas in the biblical vision, it's the reverse. It's the sunset's so beautiful, and Apple

tastes so good—

Jon: And the song is so beautiful.

Tim: And the song is so transcendent and beautiful. This is all I receive as a gift from

someone who's so generous and made the world and given me a place within it, I

want to speak well and live well for the kavod of God. That's such a bigger story.

Jon: Thanks for listening to this episode. If you liked it, you could go on iTunes and you

can leave a review. That helps a lot in our exposure. You could also watch the video

we made on the Image of God, which spawned on this conversation. And you can

watch the other videos we made. They're all on YouTube,

youtube.com/thebibleproject.

You can follow us on Twitter, @JoinBibleProj, and say hi to us on Facebook,

facebook.com/thebibleproject. Up next is going to be a conversation on the book of

Proverbs that will kick off a three-part series on the wisdom literature, Proverbs,

Ecclesiastes, and Job. I'm really excited about them. It's going to be great.

Thanks again for Dan Baber, our good friend who sent us that question about the

glory of God. Send us your questions. Thanks for being a part of this.

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