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BibleProject Podcast
BibleProject Podcast
Exile • Episode 6
The Exile & the Way Home
31m • March 12, 2018
This is our last episode in our Exile series.
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This is our last episode in our Exile series. In part 1 (0-9:50), Tim and Jon summarize the conversation. Tim shares an insightful quote from C.S Lewis found in the Weight of Glory. Lewis believed that un-fillable human longings are a clue that there is another future reality that will one day be realized.

In part 2 (9:50-14:50), the guys discuss the differences between “home” and “Home.” “Home” is the ultimate paradise of humanity. Man is at “Home” in all aspects. Tim says that ancient Israel called on the nostalgia of their past kings of Solomon and David to give vocabulary for what a future kingdom ruled by God will look like.

In part 3 (14:50-26:10), Tim and Jon discuss how today people are considered exiles in time. Christians should consider themselves exiles of an age. Christians are loyal to the kingdom of God and King Jesus. But they currently live in an age where Christ’s kingship is not always recognized.

Tim says the ultimate story of the cross is that God is willing to take the consequences of humanity’s creation of “babylon” upon himself in order to create a world where all can be at “Home.”

In part 4 (26:10-end), Tim revisits how the ethic of the wisdom warrior leads a person to a constant state of “radical doubt”. Christians should be grateful for and enjoy their lives. But their ultimate hope is in God re-creating the physical world as a “Home” for all who choose to abide in him.

Thank you to all our supporters!

We're doing a Q+R on Exile! Do you have a question on the biblical theme of exile? Send it to us! info@jointhebibleproject.com

Show Resources:

"The Weight of Glory" by C.S Lewis

"The Religion of the Landless" by Daniel Smith Christopher

"A Biblical Theology of Exile" by Daniel Smith Christopher

Link to Exile video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSua9_WhQFE

Show Music:

Defender Instrumental by Rosasharn Music; I Know The Way Home by Andrew Garlucki; The First Day by Tell The Story; At Humanities Core is the Need for Grace by Tell The Story; Restless by Tell The Story

Show Produced By:

Dan Gummel, Jon Collins, Matthew Halbert Howen

Exile E2  –  43m
The Exile of All Humanity
43m
44m
Exile E4  –  56m
Exile & the Wisdom Warrior
56m
Exile E5  –  40m
The Ethic of an Exile
40m
Exile E6  –  31m
The Exile & the Way Home
31m
Exile E7  –  1hr 3m
Exile Q&R
1hr 3m

Podcast Date: March 12, 2018

(31:38)

Speakers in the audio file:

Jon Collins

Tim Mackie

Man


Jon: Hey, this is Jon at The Bible Project. We've spent the last five weeks on this podcast

talking about the biblical theme of exile.

Tim: The exile of the Judeans to Babylon 586BC, it's what all of us woke up thinking about

this morning.

Jon: So this week, we're going to bring it all together, we're going to finish this

conversation. Imagine being away from home for a long time. Maybe you're a

soldier, an expert or just some sort of wanderer and many years have gone by, and

you think back to the good things that made home what it was. You begin to get

this nostalgia for home that grows and grows.

Now imagine after all this time, decades have passed, and you get to go back home.

You arrive and you find, as great as home is, it's not as wonderful as you

remembered.

Tim: The story of exile in the Bible is of God's people coming back to the land promise to

them. But the way that it's ruled and the way that they live on it is now, "this is our

home, but it's not being run like our home, it's not being run by the values of God's

kingdom."

Jon: The ancient Israelites were stuck in Babylon homesick for the good old days of King

David and King Solomon. And when they got to go back home, they found it was

nothing like they had remembered, but they held on to their nostalgia as a taste for

something good yet to come. Like them, we're homesick too. We have a nostalgia

for things we haven't even fully experienced. Our desire is, well...

Tim: A desire for home because it's a desire for something that has actually never

appeared in our experience.

[00:02:15]

Jon: Thanks for joining us today as we finish up our conversation on the exile. Here we

go.

Tim: You want to try and summarize it all?

Jon: Well, let me try it in a way we haven't summarized it.

Tim: Okay.

Jon: You know, that feeling that while this is our home, this is our family, these are our

friends, this is my job, this is my existence, it doesn't feel right. Something's missing.

Something's incomplete. I'm home, but I feel like a stranger in my own existence.

I think a lot of people can identify with that - what we've been calling the existential

angst. What is that? Why is that? Well, here's how the Bible talks about it.

The Bible talks about humanity, having a home that wouldn't create that angst -

where things are good, where relationships are right, where there's a connection

with the divine, with God, where you're not trying to figure out what's good and bad

on your own. You actually are doing this in this relationship with the power that's

greater than you and that's wiser than you and it leads to abundance and peace.

That's actually what we're craving and that's what the Garden of Eden was. And that

was lost. So the first story of the Bible is really about how we are strangers in our

own land. We've been banished from what is truly good, and now we're just kind of

aching for it.

Tim: Sorry, I hate to interrupt you when you are summarizing, but it reminded me of the

C.S. Lewis quote that captures precisely what you're getting at - the existential angst.

Jon: Okay.

Tim: It's in "The Weight of Glory," which is a whole essay that he wrote about how our

existential longings are pointers to not projections that we're just fantasizing about

and projecting up into the sky, but that they're real. He calls it the inconsolable

logging. Do you know about this passage?

Jon: I might be familiar with it.

Tim: It's from "The Weight of Glory."

Jon: Is the one like eating mud pies kind of thing?

Tim: No, it's different. But that is also in "The Weight of Glory." He calls it a desire for a

far-off country. That's why I'm thinking of it. A desire for home.

He says, "In speaking of this desire for our own far-off country that we find in

ourselves, even now, I feel a certain shyness. I'm almost committed indecency trying

to name it. I'm trying to rip open the inconsolable secret and each one of us. It's a

secret that hurts so much that we take revenge on it by calling it names like

nostalgia or romanticism or remembering our adolescence.

It's a secret that pierces with such sweetness that when in very intimate

conversation, the mention of it becomes imminent, and we grow awkward and we

try to laugh at ourselves. It's a secret we cannot hide; a secret we cannot tell that we

desire to do both.

We can't tell about it because it's a desire for something that has actually never

appeared in our experience. We can't hide it because our life experiences are

constantly suggesting this longing and we betray ourselves like lovers at the

mention at of the name.

Some call it beauty, our experience of beauty, and act as if that settled the matter.

But this is a cheat. If we could go back to those moments in the past, we would find

not the thing itself, but only the reminder of it. And what we remembered

experiencing would turn out itself to be only a remembering." Here we go. It's

getting better. It's already really good.

He says, "The books or the music in which we thought our experience of beauty was

located, these will betray us if we trust it to them. The beauty was never in them.

Rather, it came through them. And what came through them was the longing. These

things, like beauty, nostalgia, the memory of our past are only images of what we

really desire. But if we mistake them for the thing itself, they turn into dumb idols,

breaking the hearts of their worshipers.

They are not the thing itself. They are only the scent of a flower we have not yet

found, the echo of a tune we have not yet heard, and news from a country we have

not yet visited." He opens and closes with these far off land. So beautiful.

So his point...I don't even need say it. Do I need to summarize?

Jon: No. It's the longing.

Tim: It's the longing.

Jon: His point is, don't make that longing an idol to where you are now just trying to seek

the things that stirred up that longing. You're now trying to seek those as the end.

Tim: In a way, that's an interesting way to think about Babylon. It's a way of securing and

trying to make material and normal the thing...transcendence.

Jon: I think Portland's actually pretty good at that, right?

Tim: Yeah. Actually, many cities are. They because playgrounds and distractions for...Yeah,

that's true.

Jon: You think gardening is blissful and complete some logging in your soul, "Let's

double down and make everyone's front yard a garden."

Tim: And a chicken farm.

Jon: And that will solve it. I guess what C.S. Lewis is saying is, "Well, that feeling you got

while gardening, that was an echo of a tune we haven't yet heard. So enjoy it and let

it point you towards this thing."

Tim: But don't mistake it for home.

Jon: But don't mistake it for home while you do it. Participate in it and appreciate it.

Tim: It's almost like the analog of loyalty and subversion. I appreciate it...

Jon: But I am not going to worship it.

Tim: ...but I don't mistake it for the meaning of my life.

Jon: Right.

Tim: So in the same way, we are called to love God and love neighbor, and we might

come up with a really great system or way of organizing a neighborhood or a

country, that fosters that, but inevitably, it will have brokenness and selfishness built

into it. And the idolatry is to name this particular solution as the divine answer.

Jon: It's kind of why the Jewish festivals, Sukkot it's like, "Hey, we love our home, but

once a year for a week, live outside of it. Like we don't have a home because let's not

mistake this as our real home."

Tim: Yeah, it's very similar.

[00:10:02]

Jon: So getting back to the Garden of Eden thing, the Garden of Eden is saying, if we

could put a name to the tune we have not heard, if we could put a name to this

flower that...what is he say?

Tim: The scent of a flower we have not yet found.

Jon: Yeah, the scent of a flower we have not yet found. If that has a name and a picture,

the biblical picture is of Eden. Which is a very simple, yet not very concrete picture. I

mean, there's not a lot there.

Tim: Let's just have this amazing garden.

Jon: It's amazing garden. It's got four rivers.

Tim: If you believe in a beautiful mind and heart out of which the universe sprang that

being wants to be in very close intimate connecting with you—

Jon: It's the place where you can be incomplete.

Tim: Which means to know that you belong in this world, and that you're welcome here

and that you're loved and have a role and a purpose. I think it's what it means to

believe in the Christian God is to believe all those things. That's Eden. It's Home.

Jon: So what we're talking about is Home with a capital H?

Tim: That's right. Yes.

Jon: And what we have is echoes of that that are very tangible? It's so funny, you'd be

reminded of something you've never experienced. That's the whole thing's Lewis is

riffing off of there.

Tim: That's right.

Jon: and that's the reality is we're constantly being reminded of this state of being that

we've never experienced but somehow we long for. It's capital H Home.

Tim: And we get glimpses, real glimpses of through life experiences that make us want

more of that. And they give us peace.

Jon: That's the image of Genesis. But then you've got the story of Israel. In the story of

Israel, is a man named Abraham who was called by God to make a family that lives

by such an ethic that they can recreate that reality.

Tim: Or at least experience more. Experience it within their families more.

Jon: Experience it within their family and then take it outside of their family that the

nations can experience it to find that sweetness. What did he say? "Pierced with such

sweetness." That's such a good line.

Tim: Yeah.

Jon: And so Abraham's called to do that. Along with that is this promise that he'll have a

place to call Home because he was a wanderer. He didn't have a homeland. That

becomes the promised land which now the people of Israel, who eventually

inhabit...The descendants of Abraham inhabiting the promised land, they see that as

this image of Eden - this abstraction of what Eden represents.

Tim: More as a reverse. The concrete example.

Jon: Yeah, the concrete example of this Eden abstraction. It makes sense because that's

what God was calling Israel to create. But they're banished from it because they're

not creating it with. They are creating Babylon within it.

So their banishment from Israel makes them exiles in a foreign country in Babylon.

Now they're looking at this biblical story of Adam and Eve being banished from the

garden, and they're saying, "Yeah, that's our story being banished from the good."

But while the Garden of Eden actually was good, Israel, never actually attained that.

They were called to it but they never actually attained it.

Tim: And they turn two stories from their past—

Jon: The nostalgia.

Tim: The nostalgia of the eras of David and Solomon as the closest experiences they can

think of.

Jon: An echo of the tune. Which is what they have.

Tim: Yeah. Which is why the hope for age of the kingdom of God is described as the

reign of not even a new David. Ezekiel just calls them Messiah and the kingdom of

God. He calls them Messiah David. Just David.

Jon: Let's get him back in charge.

Tim: That's exactly it. And what they don't mean is, let's time warp historical David. What

they mean is the ultimate home that David represents in their hope and in their

scriptures is what they want.

Jon: David is the scent of the flower they have not seen. But it's what they have.

Tim: Yeah, that's right.

[00:15:26]

Jon: But then they come back to the land. So they're now in the land that's supposed to

be Home, Capital H Home, the thing itself, and it's not yet. So because of that,

there's still the sense of "We're still exiles."

Tim: We've come back from Babylon, but we're still in exile.

Jon: And because of sense of that we're still exiles, then along with that comes this

complimentary sense of, "This is the land but this is also Babylon." It's this other—

Tim: That's the point at which exile becomes a metaphor for time and a kind of place - for

the geography.

Jon: So I'm in the right place, I'm in the right land that God promised my forefather

Abraham, but it's not in the right state, and won't be in the right state until there's

the right age with the king. And so I'm an exile till this time period, waiting for the

kingdom of God to come. But there's still this hope.

Ultimately, the reason why God promised that Abraham was to bless the nations.

And He was giving Abraham that land for that purpose. Now, jumping forward into

the new covenant with Jesus, who says, "I am what Israel was meant to be, and the

Kingdom of God has come and is coming with me, and go to all the world, go to all

the nations and have people be part of this." So when Paul thinks about Abraham,

he doesn't say Abraham's inheritance was the land, he says, "Abraham's inheritance

was the whole world," because that's ultimately was the goal.

Then you get to Peter, who's talking to non-Jewish people who are now being

invited into the story, who have who have come into the story, and are following

Jesus and the way of this new kingdom, and are identifying more with that kingdom

than their own homes. And because of that, Peter says, "You're in exile." But they're

not in an exile place. They are now realizing they're in exile of the age and their

loyalty is ultimately to a new age.

That longing is telling you, you are in exile. That's what that longing is. That longing

is telling you, you don't actually belong to this. And what do we mean by this? Not

this land, not these relationships, but the state in which it's in.

Tim: This was such a big theme in Lewis' writing of, our life experience, if we look at the

longing that it generates in us, but that are impossible to meet, truly impossible to

meet, he believes that's an indicator of something greater for which we are made

that simply won't be satisfied in our experience of the world as we know it.

Something has to fundamentally change for our experience of desire for love, and

belonging, and identity and purpose.

That those will always be met only with frustration. We'll only have fulfillment in the

world as you and I know it. Which means, not a longing for another place but

another kind of world which this world is destined to become.

Jon: I mean, it will be very much like if you lived in a town that was taken over by another

empire and you are just waiting for the king to come back and say, "Okay, guys, I'm

in charge again. We're going to make it like it used to be."

Tim: Or make it what it's supposed to be.

Jon: But that's just the nostalgia of what you think you want?

Tim: Good analogy. That's great analogy. You just captured the narrative arc in terms of

that longing. You could condense it, but that's a good way of actually uniting all—

Jon: No, I think it should be about 20 minutes long. I think there might be something

there. But then after that, if there's time, you can talk about what does that look like

practically. That's the wisdom warrior. That's the loyalty and subversion.

But I guess we haven't really asked the question is, why is Jesus's ethic and the

Kingdom of God, why is that an answer to your longing? We've never really

explained that.

Tim: Why is that an answer? Well, the answer, what's revealed on the cross is that God is

so committed in love and generosity to making our world what it's supposed to be

that He takes into himself the consequences of our creation of Babylon. I suppose

that's within this kind of way of thinking about it. Because it meets the longing of

home, which is the things I described earlier. Like to know that I am welcome in the

world, that I belong and have a purpose, and I'm loved.

The Christian story I think it's this way of saying that some things might make you

feel that way, but if you're honest, you only partially experience that love, and

welcome, and security, and belonging, even though it's the thing we're all looking

for.

Then those few experiences where we do feel them tend to fade, or will be only

temporary or connected to really unpredictable people, who sometimes love us, and

sometimes don't.

Jon: Think back to the time where you felt most loved, most secure, most at Home, with

the capital H. And if you really dissect it, you'll realize you were only getting whiffs of

what that really is. It was actually compromised in some ways.

Tim: That's why for people who grew up in really, really healthy families, but they

eventually grow up and discover their parents are really just mortal flawed people.

Actually, even children who do grow up in unhealthy families, but still because the

way psychology work, you still idolized your parents. And the moment your parents

are dethroned is demigods or immortals, all of a sudden, the world becomes a little

less stable. For some kids that happens really young, and it's really challenging. But

whatever. We're resilient creatures.

But it's that destabilizing of the world and recognizing like, "Oh, this isn't the place

where my hopes and dreams are really going to come true." And then you have a

question. You can say, "My hopes and dreams were just Utopian fantasies, or do

they point to something that's more ultimate and more real and true?"

The Christian claim is that Jesus is the embodiment of those. It's like God reaching

out into Babylon to tell us that those are mere fantasies and that His ultimate

purpose is to create a world where everyone is welcome, and where everyone has a

place and is loved.

What else does the cross and the resurrection mean except that?

Jon: I guess one temptation is, if I can get you to the point to say, "Yeah, it's true, there is

that longing. I have that longing. I'm not at home," I'll grant you that. But why now

make myself a part of this guy's, the Jesus's kingdom? What makes his kingdom the

right way to find home versus I could probably come up with a way? Why not just go

out on my own? I just feel like we're taking that piece for granted and that's not

what this video is about, I suppose.

Tim: Yeah, but it's a good question.

Jon: I think you spoke to it a little bit.

Tim: Yeah, but I think you can speak to him more. Let's gets back to real classic gospel

kind of stuff. The moment I can say, "Why don't I just adopt this philosophy of life

and accept the world as it comes to me? Instead of trying to make the world a place

that meets my needs to feel like Home, why don't I just accept it as it is?

Jon: The smell of the rose we'll never see is, all I'll get, so I need to learn to enjoy that and

be okay with that and let that longing, that bittersweet sweetness of the longing just

be an end in itself.

Tim: You can go that route. I think that's the route that many Eastern religious traditions

go. Which is to say, deep longings of the human heart for love and life, and the

tragedy that death represents to us, those are illusions. And what we need to do is

learn how to make peace with reality as it actually is, which is ultimately one of

disappointment leading to death.

The more I can shed my individual persona that's looking to meet all these needs,

the more I'll—

Jon: The Christian story is, build a home here and make a garden and pray for it, but

don't give up your hope for Home.

Tim: That's right. Those longings are real because they point to someone who wants to

invite us to be at home in this world and who loves us deeply.

Jon: It was interesting when you're talking about that Eastern mentality of coming peace

with there's goodness, bad and that's just reality and enjoy it for what it is. That's

kind of like saying, "Hey, Daniel, just be a Babylonian."

Tim: Yeah, that's right. "These hopes for Eden and new creation, that was all kind of silly,

wasn't it?"

Jon: Yeah. But be a Babylonian in a very nihilistic way of just kind of like, "Well, I must

enjoy this for what it is. I'm not a Babylonian but this is what I got and I'm going to

enjoy it. I'm going to detach myself enough from this and just experience it."

The biblical answer was, make a home there, but don't make it your ultimate Home."

Tim: "Don't be satisfied."

Jon: You can make home in the sense of there is wisdom in accepting suffering, in

accepting the bad and realizing that it's a mixed bag and every sweet moment also

has bitterness, and every bitter moment has sweetness, and that is life and reality.

And in a way, you can plant a garden in there, but that isn't our true Home. I think

that's an interesting nuance.

[00:26:30]

Tim: It makes me think of when we're talking about Daniel earlier, the ethics of the

wisdom is the practice of radical doubt. You can doubt the Empire and its claims to

define, whatever, ultimate significance, but you can also doubt pleasure. Or our

experiences of beauty that hints of meaning and purpose that we get in a friend or a

loved one or a good meal or gardening.

And it's all doubting those experiences to a certain sense, to say, those are good for

what they are, but they are not the new creation. They're just a whiff of the flower

that I haven't yet smelled. Yes, totally. The biblical is a state of paradox of both

accepting and being grateful for what is beautiful and good in this world, but also

not being satisfied with the world as we know it.

Jon: You are also cool about that "plant a garden" image - then you just used another

one "make a meal" - is an order to garden or to make a meal, there's a lot of mess.

And you've got to kill some things to make a meal especially. And you've got to

really get dirty when you're gardening. And you're dealing with really messy things.

That's the same thing if we're just going to get really abstract and talk about the

existential angst or suffering or depression or loneliness. Those things are real and

you can make a meal out of them. You can plant a garden in them, you could find

good within them.

Tim: Yeah. Those discard pieces become the actual materials out of which—

Jon: And that's the basis of a good Eastern theology, but then you don't go as far as

saying, "Then that's all there is." Because then a biblical theology would say, "And

then actually hope and have allegiance to something greater while you're making a

meal out of it, and making your garden there and marrying your children within it."

Tim: It's the book of Ecclesiastes. The Book of Ecclesiastes is the radical doubt applied to

this existential longing. Then the book of Daniel is radical doubt applied to living

among the empires in this world. I never thought of it that way.

Jon: In a political movement.

Tim: But that's Ecclesiastes. It is "Hey, enjoy goodness for what it is but don't mistake it

for life purpose and meaning or else you're going to be really disappointed."

Jon: There's time for everything, so morn and celebrate—

Tim: Under the sun.

Jon: But fear God and hope ultimately for what He's going to do.

Tim: There's a lot this video could be.

Jon: That'll preach.

Tim: Yeah, totally. I think this is a very powerful theme in the Bible. It's a way of thinking

about the whole story, exile and being at home, exile and homecoming, how to live

in exile not rejecting this place that you are, but also seeing it realistically for what it

is.

I think it was the passion of this Bible scholar, Daniel Smith Christopher. He wrote

two really significant works on it because he thought it was a way that the modern

Western church especially, really needs to listen to this theme in the Bible because it

could help us recover a way of not feeling so comfortable in our culture.

[00:30:07]

Jon: Thank you for listening to this episode of The Bible Project podcast. Our show today

was produced by Dan Gummel, with music by Cody Brotherton at "Hear The Story"

and Andrew Garlucki.

We've got a Q&R episode on exile coming up next. So if you have a question about

anything that we've been discussing around this biblical theme of exile, send it on to

us, info@jointhebibleproject.com. You can record the audio of your question, keep it

to about 20 seconds or so and give us your name and where you live. Looking

forward to responding to your questions next week.

Man: We believe the Bible is a unified story that leads to Jesus. We are a crowdfunded

project by people like me. Find free video, study notes, and more at

thebibleproject.com.

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