In this episode Tim and Jon finally get to Jesus. Ancient Israel was being occupied by the Roman Empire. A brutal military power that used violence and war to bring "Pax Romana" or "Roman Peace." But Ancient Israel has a hope, long ago they were promised a Messiah. Someone would come and lead them out of oppression into true freedom. Jesus of Nazareth shows up and begins performing miracles and speaking of a new kingdom, the Kingdom of God. Many people think this is the man who will lead them in war against the Romans. But instead, Jesus goes to war with something else entirely.
Tim and Jon also discuss a story that is often misunderstood in modern Christianity, the temptations of Jesus in the wilderness.
This podcast series on the Day Of The Lord is designed to accompany our new video. You can check it out here. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tEBc2gSSW04
We're a nonprofit animation studio in Portland Oregon. Thank you for being a part of this! www.thebibleproject.com
Defender Instrumental by Rosasharn Music; Blue Skies by Unwritten Stories; Flooded Meadows by Unwritten Stories.
Show Produced by Dan Gummel: www.dangummel.com
Podcast Date: May 10, 2017
Speakers in the audio file:
Jon: This is the Bible Project podcast. We've been walking through a big theme in the
Bible, the Day of the Lord. It's a phrase the biblical writers use to describe moments
in human history when God intervenes to stop corrupt human societies and rescue
In earlier episodes, we discussed the big moments in this theme, like the Tower of
Babel, which is really the Tower of Babylon, Israel's exodus from Egypt, and even
Israel itself being led into exile into Babylon. In this episode, we finally get to Jesus.
During the time of Jesus, Israel was being occupied by a new type of Babylon, a
brutal military power, the ancient Roman Empire. And so, Israel is hoping still for the
Day of the Lord to be set free, to be set free from Rome.
Now, the Gospel accounts of Jesus introduce him with Day of the Lord vocabulary.
So we're led to anticipate that this man will somehow bring the day, fight against
Rome and rescue Israel. But he doesn't. Instead, Jesus goes to war with something
Tim: What Jesus confronts is an entity that he believed existed, that many modern people
don't even believe exists, which is beings or forces of spiritual evil.
Jon: So, today we're going to look at Jesus, spiritual evil, and the upside-down nature of
true power. Here we go.
The big question we're asking is, how is God going to deal with structured organized
evil, which is something we all long for although it gets tricky when we have to come
to grips with the fact that we are ourselves part of the problem. Then, I guess you
can then think of Jesus as—
Tim: Well, Jesus agrees with the prophets that the Day the Lord is coming. He also agrees
with the prophets that the Day of the Lord has to confront more than just the sum
total of stupid human decisions. But that there is a reality of evil that is animating
the subhuman that's underneath this evil perpetuated by Babylon.
Jon: Why do you use the word subhuman?
Tim: Well, I've come to this place where I think what Jesus confronts in what the Gospels
call daimonion, demigods, spiritual entities that are not the one true God, and
they're not good, that our imaginations in the modern West have become so captive
to the medieval European ways of thinking about these beings as little gargoyles
who sit on your shoulder and tell you to whatever, that's so stupid. That there's a
gargoyle? That's ridiculous.
And I think what we've ended up doing is then confusing that ridiculousness with
what the Bible is actually trying to tell us.
Jon: Why are gargoyles ridiculous?
Tim: Because they don't exist.
Jon: Because they don't exist.
Tim: They're not real.
Jon: They're just a representation of evil, right? I don't know a lot about gargoyles.
Tim: I don't know either. There is biblical precedent for a reptilian creature as [inaudible
Jon: Rather than gargoyles?
Tim: Yeah. It's just what CS Lewis said. "The forces of spiritual evil are most effective when
people either make too little or too much of them." I think for much of modern
Western culture, maybe people who experienced more the pressure of a secular
worldview, this whole idea of spiritual evil is almost an embarrassment.
Jon: We take too little of it.
Tim: Yeah. And there are other people who live in the modern West and then they make
a lot of it too.
Jon: The way you're describing the development of this theme, it seems like a linchpin to
go from, "Sure, there are all these nations that are evil and prideful and oppressive
that God's coming to war against, but under underneath of all that is something is
Tim: Yes, and more sinister, and mysterious. The talking snake is mysterious on page 3 of
the Bible. What's that about?
Jon: And so, when Jesus comes to war to bring the Day of the Lord, what is he warring
against and how does he war? Those two questions we will develop in this theme. I
was originally asking, "Well, what does the counter Babylon look like?" But that's the
kingdom of God video. This video is, what was Jesus is going to war with and how
does he go to war with it?
Tim: Correct. If we're doing these iterations, we have to develop the human rebellion to
be like God leading to Babylon, then Egypt as the development of that as their
oppressor. Then Israel becomes that. The Prophet says...
Jon: All these other nations.
Tim: ..."It's going to happen again, and Jesus comes to bring the warrior God to bear on
Israel." And what does he target? He targets demons. you know.
Jon: Day of the Lord comes on Israel in the form of Assyria and then Babylon.
Tim: Yes, in Babylon. And they end up in exile.
Jon: And they end up in exile, and now they're hoping the Day of Lord comes again to
Jon: Now, they're hoping, "Okay, we're still hoping in the Day of Lord and the Day of the
Lord this time will free us from Rome because we know ultimately, that's going to
Tim: Yeah, that's right. Passover is about liberation from slavery.
Jon: "We paid our dues and now let's get back on track." And so, Jesus comes and he's
going to bring the Day of the Lord. And we know that because John the Baptist uses
the same language, the Day of the Lord.
So, when Jesus comes, you would expect the obvious thing would be he's going to
go to war on Rome. Maybe you would think, "Oh, maybe just like what happened
with the prophets, it'll be a twist. He's going to go on to war with Jerusalem." But
what it really goes to war with—
Tim: Is an entity that he believed existed that many modern people don't even believe
exists, which is beings or forces of spiritual evil. Think about how the story of Jesus
works. In the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, there's the baptism story, and
then Jesus goes into the wilderness. We're told in Mark that he was tested by the
Satan, the accuser or the opposer.
Then Matthew and Luke, actually supply a story about the testing of Jesus in the
wilderness. And what's the testing all about? It's spiritual evil in its most intense form
questioning Jesus's identity as the Messiah King bringing the kingdom of God. Then,
specifically, it's that Jesus uses his divine status to assert his own authority and
Jon: That's the temptation we were talking about.
Tim: If you're the Son of God, why are you starving out here in the wilderness? Use your
power to transform stones into bread.
Jon: If you have ultimate power, then use it the way would benefit you.
Tim: Yeah, use it to benefit yourself. "Then look out on the kingdoms of the earth. I rule
this," says the Satan. "Give your allegiance to me, and it will be yours." Of course,
Jesus completely resists that and says, "Worship God alone." He quotes the Shema,
"Worship God alone."
Right from the very beginning, the career of Jesus is marked by an initial conflict
with spiritual evil, and victory.
Jon: What was the first temptation again? Make the stone to bread?
Tim: Make the stone is three. They're actually in different orders in Matthew and Luke, but
we'll just go with the Matthew account. The first one is, "If you are the Son of God,
why are you starving out here? Surely, God wouldn't let you die out here if you're
really the son. So tell the stones to become bread." And Jesus just says, "Listen, that's
not my priority. My priority is to live by the will of God."
Jon: And why is this a temptation just getting him off task?
Tim: Well, I think the temptation has to do with Jesus using his own power and status for
self-benefit, as opposed to, apparently, he's being led by the Spirit into a hardship
fasting for 40 days. That's not particularly pleasant. Why would God asked me to do
that? To do something that hard and deprive myself? If you're the Son of God, you
don't deserve this.
Jon: I mean, the key question that I feel like to wrestle with is, how do you handle power?
Tim: Yes. What is Jesus going to do with his status and power as—?
Jon: Because what we've seen with Solomon, and Pharaoh, Nebuchadnezzar, all of these
people that end up leading groups into becoming Babylon, literally or
metaphorically, is they misuse their power. Every human has been given authority to
reign on God's behalf. So we all have this power, according to page 1 of the Bible.
Genesis 3 is about us deciding that we want this power on our own terms. One of
the results of that is it leads to Babylon, which leads to oppression and injustice, and
God has to come and deal with it.
At the core of this is, how does a human deal with power correctly? Now, you have a
human who has ultimate power, who is God Himself, in flesh could do anything, and
whose desire is to lead a movement back to God. So the question is, how is he going
to deal with this power?
So it's interesting to think through the temptation through that lens. First, Satan’s
like, "We'll just take care of yourself." And he's like, "No, I'm not supposed to use my
power just to take care of myself." Which Solomon's making 500 gold plaits strike
shields. That was not his mind and he had a lot of wisdom.
Then the second temptation it's...
Tim: In Matthew, it's...
Jon: Make yourself pretty glorious.
Tim: ...go to the temple and dive off, truly commit yourself to God's loving care by forcing
God's hand to rescue you.
Jon: That's kind of a show of power a little bit.
Tim: Yeah. The first one is Jesus going to determine his own fate or is he going to as a
human submit to the guidance and will of the Father? And he says, "I'm going to go
with what your father guides me to do, even if it means suffering or hardship."
Jon: It's a hard thing to do when you have power is to be sacrificial and submit when you
don't have to.
Tim: Correct. The second temptation is to go to the temple, the meeting place of heaven
on earth, where the God of Israel is. "If you're the Son of God, throw yourself down,
and God will be forced to rescue you, since you are his son, after all." And Jesus, just
says, "That's not the kind of relationship I have with the Father. I don't use my status
to make God transform me"
Jon: Where if you have a lot of power, then you have a lot of statuses, and then you'll
find opportunities to make yourself look good. Not just look good, but to put
yourself in the position where you're the one in charge. If Jesus did that, it's him
saying, "I want to be in charge." Like, you come to God on my terms.
Tim: This would be making God worked on His term. Making the Father—
Jon: Yeah, the Father God work on the behalf of the son's terms.
Tim: Yeah. Once again, this whole thing, there are so many stories colliding here. This is a
retelling of Genesis 3, it's also a retelling of Exodus in the wilderness overlapped, and
now it's the incarnation. So the son and the father.
What the force of spiritual evil is trying to get this figure with great power, right, the
Son of God, but to use his power for his own advantage, or to assert that God the
Father do what the son wants.
Jon: Can you say that Satan, this spiritual evil is trying to get Jesus to succumb to the
same temptation that everyone else's come to and that's created these Babylons?
Tim: Yeah, Correct. What's happening in the garden? Well, you won't die, and really,
you're just going to become like God.
Jon: And it's worked every time. It's worked with Adam and Eve. It's worked with the
kings of Israel. It's worked with all these other kings and other nations. It's such a
simple, easy one, two punch for Satan. He's so used to it.
He's like, "Hey, yes, you're powerful, take care of yourself. Do things on your own
terms. How about other people serve you? It totally makes sense. You can be like
God, and it always works." Then he comes to Jesus and he does it. And Jesus is like,
"Nope, that's not how it's going to happen."
Tim: "No. I'm going to sit here starving you wondering if the Father will provide food for
me, daily bread."
Jon: Even though He doesn't have to.
Tim: But that's a better way to exist in that place of humility and trust than declaring that
God is just going to do whatever I want the Father to do. It's really profound. The
story is really profound.
Jon: His final tact is, "Just worship me." It kind of seems like at this point, he must know
that one's not going to work. That one doesn't seem as tempting as the other two.
Tim: It's the acknowledgment that the kingdoms of this world, that's why he says, "The
kingdoms of the world and their splendor, I will give them to you." So there's the
acknowledgment that the kingdoms of the world are captive to influence his people.
Jon: And that's what you care for ultimately. This is like dealing with terrorists. It's like, "I
have what you want, and you want it so desperately." It's like someone kidnapped
your kids, and they're like, "I will give you your kids back. You just need to do this
one thing for me. And that happens to be this one thing isn't a bagful of cash."
Tim: It's you giving your allegiance to me.
Jon: Give your allegiance to me.
Tim: This is really what's important about the story. What does that mean? What would it
mean for Jesus to give up his vocation as the suffering servant and become the
Messianic King on evils terms? Well, in a way, we already know.
Like, the whole Hebrew Bible has told us the story of the rise and fall of kingdoms
who have given their allegiance to Babylon, right? There are two subtle illusions
here. This is Old Testament narrative style, where the story makes connections to
other points in the story.
But there's only one other place where Jesus is asked the question, "If you really are
the Son of God," - this is at the beginning of Matthew. That story is at the end. It's
the rebels - literally the rebels, the Jewish rebels.
Jon: That are hanging on the cross?
Tim: They are hanging on the across. They are on the cross because they actually have
been instigating a violent revolution against Rome.
Jon: So Rome is killing them.
Tim: Yeah. So they're crucified next to him. And then people are passing by hurling insults
to Jesus. And what they say is, "Hey, 'if you are the Son of God, get down off the
cross. Show your power. Stop this suffering. Why would the Father lead you out here
in the desert starve? Why would He abandoned you to be executed with rebels if
you really are the Son of God?"
Matthews trying to get us to see these are parallel temptations. It was for Jesus to
abandon the vocation of suffering love and embrace the ethic of Babylon.
Jon: If he embraces ethic of Babylon in order to be given control, that's how he will gain
power and influence, but then he won't be able to actually defeat evil, which is what
Tim: He'll be using the same method, which is self-exaltation leading to violence.
Jon: But the ultimate aim is to defeat Satan and defeat evil. And to do that, he has to
Tim: That's right. That's the first clue about what's happening here. The second clue is
what Jesus says at the end of the temptation, which is, "Away from me, Satan." And
this is exactly verbatim what he says to Peter when he tells the disciples that he's
going to Jerusalem to die, and Peter says, "No, you're not."
Jon: "It's not a good idea."
Tim: "That's not how you become king in this world. I was ready to lay down my life for
you," he says in John." And Jesus says, "Get away from me, Satan." He says that to
Peter. So he can discern in Peter the same temptation that he faced here, which is to
use the methods of Babylon to conquer Babylon, use the methods of evil, self-exaltation,
Jon: Oh, is that what that parable's about, binding a strong man?
Tim: Yeah. We'll talk about the strong man.
Jon: Oh, cool. I never understood that parable.
Tim: That's a very important parable for this whole theme. Think, where did this story
come from, of Jesus in the wilderness? It only came from one place?
Tim: That Jesus pass this along about this experience that he had 40 days. It's gnarly.
Jon: He didn't have his biographer out there with him.
Tim: Yeah. What did Jesus encounter in the wilderness?
Jon: Seven-headed sea dragon?
Tim: Yeah, you're right. And what is going on with that talking serpent in the garden? It's
mysterious. It's the voice. This is very personal. But we all have these moments where
it's exactly we know this choice will end and hurt feelings, destructive consequences
for myself or other people. In that moment, it becomes the good thing for us to do.
What is happening?
Jon: When you talk about it that way, you seem to make it more of like an internal psyche
kind of wrestling a little bit. You could read it that way.
Tim: Oh, well, you could. I think Jesus, clearly, this was a being, an entity external to
himself. You can't get away from that. Some people would just translate it in terms
of modern psychology and say this is—
Jon: But this seems deeper than that.
Tim: Yeah. But I think if I'm going to follow Jesus, I need to follow him on this point. The
evil is deeper than—
Jon: Deeper than just the hormones in my brain.
Tim: Yeah, yeah. Or that we're that we are cooperating with something. Now, the reason
why earlier I said “subhuman,” it's more I just don't ever want to give too much
dignity to whatever this thing is.
Jon: It's like antihuman.
Tim: Yes, that's exactly right.
Jon: But I think I was getting tripped up by "sub" because if it is supernatural, if it's
Tim: If it's angelic...
Jon: Then, if you think about the hierarchy of spiritual beings or whatever—
Tim: They're a little more dazzling than we are. That we're not much lower, according to
Psalm 8, than the heavenly beings. Now, it's more that all of the titles given to this
being are not proper names. They are titles. The devil means the gossip, the
slanderer. Satan means the one who is opposed.
Jon: The accuser.
Tim: Yeah. So all of these words don't even give the dignity of actual name to the spiritual
evil. It just describes what spiritual evil does. It opposes the health and flourishing of
humans and it accuses us. So this story sets the terms. Jesus sees himself on a
vocation that evil is going to tempt him to seize power in a way that will itself result
in his own defeat if he gives in.
Jesus in the wilderness replays the Garden of Eden rebellion and he emerges
victorious. What he does immediately after that in Matthew is set out to declare his
war on evil.
Tim: Which he calls out, "Away. Get out of here. Then the devil left him and angels came
and attended to him." Jesus heard that John the Baptist had been put in prison, is
evil rearing its head. Leaving Nazareth, he went, made his home base in Capernaum
and off he goes announcing that the kingdom of heaven is invading the earth.
Jon: I love the Jack Reacher character, the Mel Gibson like—
Tim: The Punisher.
Jon: The Punisher. It's the payback. It's like, "I'm going to take control. I'm going to make
things right." In the same way, the western where they go, and they just shoot him
up and make it happen, that's something so deeply ingrained. I think most of our
psyches are like, "Yes, that's awesome.
That's what Jesus is coming to do, but in a way that's very scandalous. At first, when
you really understand, it's almost kind of like, "Oh, no, that's not exactly how I was
hoping for." But then you realize, "Whoa, this is the only way for humans to truly be
human and for us to bring actual peace of justice."
Tim: Yeah, is to stop thinking that we can defeat evil by killing each other, killing other
Jon: But what most people say is like, that's just pacifism and pacifist just get killed by
bullets and it doesn't do any good.
Tim: Yeah, that's surely what everybody thought about Jesus on Good Friday. By 6pm on
Good Friday, another tragedy. The cross is a hopeless tragedy if the resurrection
Jon: When Jesus died and he was dead, was there a battle against evil in some way?
What do we know?
Tim: Here's something interesting. We're kind of merging pieces here but that's okay. All
the gospel authors, all four of them, depict Jesus' death with Day of the Lord images.
Darkness, Isaiah 13, Joel 2.
Tim: A day of darkness. Earthquake. The temple itself, the earthquake does something.
The Gentiles around look on and are terrified. Or in the case of the Roman soldier,
he's [unintelligible 00:26:41], stunned.
So the gospel authors with these clues, these memories of things that took place are
trying to tell us that the crucifixion was God confronting Babylon. It was a
manifestation of the day of the Lord.
And Jesus surely believed. When he got arrested in Luke he said, "Listen, have I been
leading rebellion that you're out here with swords and clubs?" This is ridiculous,
telling people to love their neighbors. "But this is your hour when darkness reigns,"
is what says in Luke chapter 22 when he gets arrested. "This is the hour of darkness
of spiritual evil."
So Jesus, this is how he saw things. He was confronting and defeating evil just like
God confronted Pharaoh.
Jon: What's happening during those three days when he's dead?
Tim: Oh, man, that's a whole other thing. There was a very ancient Christian tradition of
Jesus going to the realm of the dead and announcing goodness to all humanity that
hadn't heard the good news, and therefore robbing death and sin and evil of their
victims. But that's not found in the New Testament.
Jon: That's not in the Bible.
Tim: Right, yeah.
Jon: When Jesus raises from the dead, we know that in that act he has defeated evil,
Tim: Yes. What is the net result of humans declaring themselves to be God and fighting
good and evil for themselves? Death. As a consequence, and as a divine act of
justice, a consequence for that rebellion, it leads to death. And so, what Jesus does is
overcome that. He overcomes death.
Jon: He overcomes death, which is separate than overcoming spiritual evil.
Tim: Oh, well, it's intertwined.
Tim: That's why I'm Paul, the Apostle vocabulary "sin and death" are two sides of the
same coin. It's why in Genesis, you have the serpent in Genesis 3, but then you have
sin crouching at Cane's door. And in both cases, the net effect is mortality and death.
So when humans give in to evil, people are going to die.
Jon: So what does Jesus do to defeat sin and death?
Tim: Well, this is where the idea of substitution comes in. Jesus is a human going the way
of all humans to suffer as a result of evil, but he becomes the human who was
vindicated. From that., he dies the way every other human under the power of evil
dies, but he comes out the other side vindicated to life.
What happens to him is as a result of the Creator God's life and power, that's what
Paul says. According to the New Testament, he is our only hope.
Jon: The same power that raised Jesus from the dead can raise you also? I guess, I
imagine there must have been some battle, right?
Tim: Well, I think the battle started in the wilderness.
Jon: Sure. But it was finished in the grave.
Tim: And it was on in the garden of Gethsemane, and it was on as he got arrested.
Jon: So do you imagine that it continued on in the grave, and that's where it was won?
Tim: Oh, like Jesus is in some disembodied state having it out?
Jon: I don't know.
Tim: That story goes untold in the writings of the apostles.
Jon: But we know that somehow between Jesus being alive and battling evil and the
garden, being killed, rising from the dead, and having defeated evil, he defeated
death by coming back alive.
Jon: But how did you defeat evil? By merely coming back alive?
Tim: I see. I understand.
Jon: Or was there another confrontation with evil?
Tim: Well, this is why they're close together. What is evil? It's human beings elevating
their own identity, desires, goals, aspirations to divine status, and then having given
full allegiance to those idols lives accordingly. The biblical diagnosis is that it'll
inevitably result in a way of life that's destructive for yourself, and for other people
around you. That is the embrace of evil.
And so, Jesus is a human who doesn't live that way. He's lives as a human in full
submission and allegiance to the Father.
Jon: So his defeat of evil is simply just not submitting to it?
Tim: I see. Yeah, being the one who doesn't succumb to test, the temptation, but he
suffers its consequences. He suffers the consequences of somebody who gave in to
evil even though he himself never did. He's vindicated from the consequences of
He then says, his own life becomes a gift to others that'll follow him and trust that
he'll do for them what happened to him, namely, vindicate them from death and sin.
It's the story of Jesus. It's the story of Christianity.
Tim: As Paul says in Romans Chapter 8, "In the flesh of Jesus, God condemned sin." Paul
doesn't have the idea that God punished Jesus. What he has is that God punished
sin in the human existence of Jesus and Jesus' succumbing to mortality and death
and violence and then vindicating him. He was this a new kind of human.
I like that you're asking this question because it gets repeated so often. But I think
there's something really profound here. What does it mean for a son of God to die
and come back to life and how is that a victory? How's that a defeat of evil? That's
what you're asking?
Tim: When does evil gets defeated?
Jon: When does evil get defeated? It's obvious that it's a defeat of death.
Tim: Death is the consequence, but it's also like a weapon that human beings weld
against each other. That's how Babylon gains power is through the threat or use
violence and oppression and death. There's something about evil loses its power
Jon: Because death is no longer a threat to him?
Tim: Death is not a threat. He's not afraid to give up his life, and he's not going to use
death as a way to coerce anybody else. That is the Bible's depiction of evil, it's the
use of violent force or death to assert my power and a will over another human.
Jon: So the promise of evil is you will have power?
Tim: Mh-mm. You will be like God.
Jon: But then the consequences of evil is death. And not only the consequences for you
that you will die but that in order to have power you have to use death?
Tim: Yeah. You will participate in death as a means to secure your way of life.
Tim: You know what I'm saying?
Jon: Yeah, totally.
Tim: But you can't escape it. We all participate in everything. We're all participants in
structures of violence.
It protects our way of life no matter what Kingdom on the planet you live in.
Jon: It gets pretty sad or so boring when you realize how much we participate in violence.
Tim: And so, here's God become human. He declares a completely different way.
Jon: Well, yeah, so the promise of evil is power, but the consequence of evil is death and
participating in death as the way to have power which is not true power. And that's
And Jesus comes and he's tempted with the promise of power, a promise of evil and
he says no. But he still needs to then exert his authority. And is he going to use
death to do it? Which is now he would be using the way that evil yields power.
Tim: Which is why he discerns under Peter's rebuke of, "No, dying is not in the cards for
you, Jesus. That's not how you'll become king." And what he discerned is a satanic
Jon: The idea is satanic.
Tim: Satanic because it's participating in the promise of evil. I like that phrase, the
promise of evil because there is a promise you'll live.
Jon: And you'll be like God.
Tim: You'll live, you'll become God, and determine the life and death of others, but you
will survive and you'll have power.
Jon: So what Jesus does is he lets evil use it's one weapon against him. And once it gets
you in, you're stuck. But Jesus never gives in to the promise. So it still has action,
which is I'm going to use then my power against you, which is death. And Satan is
celebrating. He thinks he's defeated the Son of God. Then Jesus rising from the dead
is showing that death actually has no power over him.
Tim: That's right.
Jon: And so, by rising from the dead he's both defeated death and defeated evil.
Tim: He's robbed evil of the one thing that it actually—
Jon: That's better than defeating. I mean, because he hasn't ultimately defeated evil in a
way. He's robbed evil of its power.
Tim: Yeah, interesting. Look at how Paul puts it in the letter to the Colossians 2:13. "When
you were dead in your sins" - classic Paul in connection of sin and death. He's talking
about being the living dead because he's talking to people who are alive.
Jon: Spiritually dead.
Tim: So he realized that you were actually basically dead because you've given into evil.
Jon: The power of death is reigning in your body.
Tim: "And in the uncircumcision of your flesh, talking to Gentiles, and you weren't even
part of the covenant people of Israel, God made you alive with the Messiah. He
forgave us all our sins, having canceled the charge of our legal indebtedness, which
stood against us and condemned us." So the fact that we have given in to evil and
participated in evil means that we are—
Jon: Accountable to our evil.
Tim: Yeah, accountable and its consequence is death, which is both a punishment and a
consequence. It's the divine pronouncement of where evil leads when I choose it -
death. And he's taken that all the way. "Nailing it to the cross." Look at this. "And
having disarmed the powers and authorities, he made a public spectacle of them."
Literally, he made a public humiliation of them, triumphing over them by the cross.
Talk about turning a metaphor upside down. Because the cross was a public
humiliation that was its whole purpose was to publicly kill while shaming and
humiliating the person and the people grieving.
Jon: Being killed.
Tim: But he said, "Actually, it's the reverse." Evil itself was being publicly humiliated.
Jon: Because it was using it's one move and it came up completely shallow.
Tim: Yeah, it could not overcome the Messiah. Like it just have one tool or one weapon.
Jon: Well, the cross does symbolize that weapon to its max because not only are you
killing someone, you're killing them super slowly, and painfully, and publicly, and
you're showing your power to kill.
Jon: So you are making as big of a show you can have the one thing that you can do
really well, which is death, and the threat of death. And everyone looking realizes
you truly are in power because look at you killing that person in that way. And that's
how Jesus dies.
Tim: Yes. Jesus willingly allows himself to undergo that as his way of waging war on evil
and death to show that actually, it isn't the most powerful thing in the universe.
Jon: And when he triumphs over them rising from the dead, it's this humiliation to death.
Tim: Yeah. In Colossians 2 here, verse 15, there's a longstanding question of, "What
powers and authorities did he disarm and humiliate by the cross? The Romans. It
actually seems like Romans won that day, but he's turning this upside down.
But the question is, isn't he probably talking about spiritual powers and authorities.
That's actually how Paul most often uses these words is to refer to demons or
demonic its. I think, actually, in Paul's mind, just like Isaiah's mind, it's two sides of
the same coin. Beneath the oppressive violent powers of this world, Isaiah and Paul
see spiritual powers of evil at work.
Jon: Yeah, Rome was using the promise of evil which was death to exert its authority -
and was Babylon at that moment. And underneath that is spiritual evil.
Tim: The powers and authorities that Jesus confronted in the wilderness and in the
garden of Gethsemane and on the cross. And that humanity encountered as far back
as we can possibly tell, and gave into and has lived in the aftermath of that ever
Jon: It's interesting in this passage, you just read that he forgives us our sins having
canceled the charge of our legal indebtedness, which stood against us and
condemned us. He took it away, nailing it to the cross. That's a funny wordplay
because what you nailed to the cross is the person who's going to die.
Tim: Oh, and the charge. Like the charge above Jesus head, King of the Jews.
Jon: And that goes up there too?
Tim: That's his charge. This is what he was accused of.
Jon: And now what's being put up there is your charge.
Tim: What you're accused of is what is on the sign over Jesus' head. That's how I've
always read it.
Jon: Yeah, yeah, that makes sense. That's not what I was getting at but that's awesome. I
pictured like, instead of nailing Jesus at the cross, it's nailing your condemnation to
Tim: Oh, got it.
Jon: But because Jesus is not there anymore.
Tim: I always took Paul here making a playoff of the sign of accusation above his head
because he calls it the charge of legal indebtedness. What was Jesus accused of?
Claiming to be the king of the Jews.
Jon: And what are you accused of?
Tim: Well, long list. Right?
Tim: As Paul says, in 1 Corinthians 15, "He died for our sins according to the Scriptures."
And by which he means the Hebrew Bible. The Hebrew Bible is the story that
explains what it that Jesus is dying for, and how his death is a victory.
Jon: It seems like there are two different things. It's like he's dying to defeat death,
disarm evil, but then the other thing is he's dying as a substitution for your sins. How
do those connect?
Tim: I think they're not separate. Our friend Josh Butler, who wrote a book "The Pursuing
God," had this great analogy of how we create this dichotomy between sin and
death as a consequence for human sin and evil, death as a consequence of human
sin and evil, and then punishment, death as a divine punishment for evil. He uses
this analogy of a fish hopping up onto a dock - jumping above the water and then
accidentally jumps up onto a doc, and it's gasping and dying. In English, we would
say that fish is dying, not as a punishment, as a consequence, because it's violated its
proper limits. It's exceeded its limits and entered an environment where it can only
be bound for death.
If you think about it, that's exactly how the garden narrative portrays death. Because
God says, "In the day that you eat of the tree, you'll die." And then they eat of the
tree and they don't die on the spot because God kills them.
Jon: Some other fish floundering on the dock.
Tim: But now they're the fish floundering on the dock and they die as sub-human
consequence. But that consequence is the punishment. And what Butler Josh says is
a great analogy. He says, 'Most Christians think that death as a punishment is a
fisherman coming with a huge paddle and looking at the gasping fish, and then
beating it to death, and then annihilating it." That's for us what the word punishment
means. It's something on top of the natural consequence.
If you look at how the biblical authors think of death, they view the consequence
itself as the punishment. The fish flopping on the dock is the punishment. And that's
why the prophets view Babylon coming to town to take out Jerusalem. They said
that was a divine punishment.
If I were a political analyst in the ancient Near East, I would say, "Well, is bad trade
policy." Actually, Zedekiah made a covenant with Nebuchadnezzar and he broke it,
he tried to join an alliance..." You could give a political analysis of why Babylon
destroyed Jerusalem. And you would say, "That's a consequence."
But the prophets look at that same set of events and they say, "No, that's a divine
punishment. And it's not God whacking the fish with a paddle, it's God's own people
jumping out of the water onto the dock and suffering the punishment of their sins,
which is the consequence of death." Anyway, that analogy really helped me at least
give clarity to the difference.
So here, the punishment consequence of sin is death because death is what humans
weld over each other through our sins. So then bring it out of the way back to the
cross. He died for our sins according to the Scriptures," Paul says.
Jon: So the indebtedness is not some vindication that God is exacting, as much as it the
consequence of what you've done, that God's just letting happens
Tim: Well, yeah. But again, God letting it happen is the punishment.
Tim: This is Paul's view of God's wrath in Romans chapter 1. "The wrath of God has
revealed against human sin and wickedness." And then what he three times
repeatedly says, he paints these scenarios of human being giving into idolatry and
destructive behavior. And he says, 'And God gave them over to..." And then he
describes the consequences of their destructive decisions.
And so, God's wrath is not separable from him handing people over to the natural
consequences of their decisions, which is death. That's surely what Paul is trying to
get us to see when he says, "He died for our sins according to the Scriptures" -
according to how the Old Testament describes sin and its consequences.
Jon: So, trying to kind of pull more themes into this, Jesus, the Messiah, the king, who's
going to bring a kingdom, he's going to reign over the earth and bring humanity
back to a restored relationship with God.
Tim: To bring humans back to their original calling and their purpose to rule the world on
Jon: And the thing that is getting in the way is the promise of evil and it's infiltrated
humanity and has caused all of these institutions and nations to become what the
Bible then just starts referred to as Babylon and this anti-kingdom. And when God
comes to stop a Babylon, that's—
Tim: To confront Babylon during the Day of the Lord.
Jon: That's the day of the Lord. We know that he's going to do that, ultimately, for all of
humanity. This King is going to come and do that. So Jesus comes, he's the king, we
think, "Okay, he's got power. He's got true power. How is he going to defeat
Babylon?" He won't use the power of evil, which is the threat of death or death itself,
the fear of death—
Tim: To create an idol out of my own survival and status, and therefore, use violence and
death as a way to exalt myself over you. Jesus refuses to use that ethic of Babylon to
assert his own authority.
Jon: Instead, he confronts this kind of underneath, the power of Babylon, which is
spiritual evil. He spends a lot of time doing that. He talks about this new kind of
ethic for people who live as a counter Babylon.
When he's arrested and executed, he doesn't fight back; he lets it kill him. He lets
evil use it's one tool, and then he shows that that actually didn't have any power
Tim: That God's love for the world, His ability to create life out of death is more powerful
Jon: His ability to create life out of death is more powerful.
Tim: The only thing that evil can do is threaten you with violence and death. What God's
love does is say... Actually, what's more powerful, love - suffering love. Instead of
killing you for wanting to kill me, I'll let you kill me because I love you.
Jon: Then what does this mean for you or for anyone? I have succumbed to the promise
of evil. There's a consequence slash punishment for that, which is death. And the
only way out of that is aligning myself with Jesus as the true king and let his power
over death become my power over death?
Tim: To let his death become a stand-in for my own death, let his resurrection become
my hope and life. Because that's all it remains the side of his return is a hope in
which I trust.
Jon: If Jesus then is my Lord in that away, then I've been conscripted into the counter
Babylon, and I am now supposed to live in such a way. The same ethic. The same
way of exerting power.
Tim: The whole of the ethical call and challenge of the New Testament comes into focus
when you see that as being the core meaning of what happened at the cross.
Jon: The ethical call doesn't get me in.
Tim: No. But the ethic of Jesus developed by the apostles is the only reasonable way to
live if you really believe Jesus died for my sins and rose from the dead as the Lord of
all. The only reason low response is to say, "I can no longer use the weapon of
Babylon to live in this world. That's a sub human way of existing. That's the way of
Jon: Thanks for listening to The Bible Project podcast. We're going to have one more
episode in this series on the biblical theme of the Day of the Lord. We're going to
look at the book of Revelation, how this all comes together with a vision for the end
of the world, really the beginning of a new age, the final big D Day of the Lord.
We'll also have a discussion on what this all means for our modern politics, how
we're living in Babylon, seeking the piece of Babylon, but also citizens of the
kingdom of God. So make sure to tune in and subscribe.
After that final episode, we'll do a Q&R, question, and response, where we'll take
your questions about the Day of the Lord, and we'll try to touch on anything that we
missed, or go deeper into things that intrigued you.
If you want your question on the podcast, email us audio of you asking your
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If you haven't seen it yet, our video on the Day of the Lord has been released. It's on
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