Haggai challenges returned exiles to remain faithful and rebuild the temple.
The recently returned exiles face hardship in their rebuilding efforts and struggle to remain faithful after so much loss and disappointment. Haggai assures the people that their efforts and faithfulness will be blessed. God will one day build a new Jerusalem and live amidst his people.
The people of Israel were conquered by Babylon because they broke their covenant with God through idolatry and injustice. The book of Haggai was written 70 years after this prophesied exile and recounts the experience of a small group of Israelites, led by Joshua and Zerubbabel, who returned to rebuild Jerusalem.
The book of Haggai reminds the exiled rebuilders of Jerusalem to give God their primary allegiance and not rebel against the covenant like their ancestors.
The people felt discouraged because their temple looked unimpressive, but Haggai reminded them to keep working and hope in God's promise of a new Jerusalem.
A New Covenant Call
Like ritual purity in Leviticus, the current Jerusalem inhabitants must humble themselves and reject injustice and apathy, or their building efforts will be impure.
A Call to Faithfulness
Haggai challenged the exiled generation as Moses challenged the wilderness generation. They can choose obedience and covenant faithfulness.
Hope in God's Kingdom
God will fulfill his promise to establish a new Jerusalem, and he will defeat evil from among the nations.
Sign Acts: The Weird, Wonderful World of Prophetic Communication
If you’ve ever read the Prophets, you know they seem a little weird. Sure, there’s cherished passages like God’s promise to give his people a future and a hope in Jeremiah 29:11 or a new heart and new spirit in Ezekiel 36:26. But on the way to these beloved texts you come ac...