Psalms begins with a short introduction that outlines the main themes of the book by reviewing the story of the Torah and the hope of a future Messiah.
The Psalms continue to develop these themes throughout the five sections, called books. The first two sections explore the complicated story of David and his royal family. The third section focuses on the tragedy of Israel’s exile and the downfall of David’s royal line. But the fourth and fifth sections rekindle the hope for the Messiah, a new temple, and God’s Kingdom on the other side of the exile. Finally, the book ends with a five-part conclusion, praising God for his faithfulness.
Through the Psalms, we learn about the importance of prayer and the acknowledgment of pain, as well as the power of praise and fulfillment of prophecy. This book has been designed as a prayer book for God’s people as they wait for the arrival of the Messiah and the fulfillment of God’s promises.