The northern kingdom of Israel enjoyed moderate success from conquering neighboring kingdoms, but they were spiritually bankrupt. King Jeroboam II, one of the worst kings in Israel's history, grew apathetic and allowed idol worship in the nation, opening the doorway for Israelites to cheat, steal, have unlawful sex, and even murder each other. Growing cold and distant, they had forgotten about God’s unending love for them, ushering in tragic consequences.
But God does not forget Israel even in their self-destruction. There is still hope. God will send a Messiah to restore Israel to covenant faithfulness and relationship with him.
In the book of Hosea, God sends Hosea to Israel during the reign of King Jeroboam II to communicate God’s despair over their perpetual idol worship and dependence on outside nations. Though the people have failed to be faithful covenant partners to God, his commitment to them remains.